Machu Picchu tour highly recommended for people who want to know Sacred Valley and the Inca city of Machu Picchu in 2 days with a night. The First Day Visit Pisac and Ollantaytambo and the second day the Inca city of Machu Picchu from its dawn, enjoying the sunrise and have more time to visit the thermal baths from Machu Picchu Little town..
The Sacred Valley of the Incas is located at the foot of the Andes, the valley that surrounds Cuzco had great importance for the Incas, who planted it with palaces, temples and fortresses that are now World Heritage
With justice, Machu Picchu is an emblem and pride of the Peruvian national identity. This Inca monument Machupicchu will continue to arouse worldwide admiration, as long as it knows how to properly preserve Machupicchu and its sacred valley. This requires protecting it from the tectonic phenomena that deteriorate its soils and thus its Inca walls, as well as resorting to innovative strategies that cushion the negative impact that the monument bears due to the overwhelming and growing tourist flow from day to day they come to visit the sacred valley and machupicchu.
Tour Cusco – Sacred Valley – Aguas Calientes “Machupicchu Little town.”
Transfer from your hotel at 8:30 am and then board the bus that will lead you to Pisac ruins, where a guided tour will continue on Urubamba, and we will enjoy a buffet lunch to continue with our trip arriving to Ollantaytambo.
In here we will have another guided tour with more time to visit the typical village of Ollantaytambo until the time indicated by our guide. Then we approach the station of Ollantaytambo and board the train to reach Aguas Calientes “Little town of Machu Picchu” where the personnel transfer awaits and will accommodate us on the hotel.
Then you will have a meeting with the guide who will provide you with a brief information about the tour in Machu Picchu the next day.
Thermal Baths – tours Machu Picchu – Cusco tour.
Recommended to wake up early at 5:40 am approx. and the bus will take you to the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu with a trip of 20 minutes, where you will have 2 hours with a guided tour in the main sectors of Machu Picchu, you have time until 5 pm on Machu Picchu, because it will close. In your spare time you can enjoy Machu Picchu in its amplitude and also take photos or visit the thermal baths.
It is possible to hike to Machu Picchu at 1:40 pm in this case you should start waking up at 4:30 am.
* To have the tour in early if you want to visit Machu Picchu and Waynapicchu do an advance booking.
Then we will take the train back to Ollantaytambo where we will found our transfer personnel waiting for us and will embark us to the bus to return to Cusco arriving to the city approx. in 4 hours.
End of the services of Tours Perú Machu Picchu.
Important for tours.- note At the appointed time, the night before the tour the Tour Sacred Valley and Machu Picchu 2 days/ 1 night, will speak at your hotel with our professional guide of Tours Peru Machupicchu.
It is difficult to deny the influence that tourism & tours has acquired as one of the most important economic activities of the modern world in the sacred valley. However, sociological and anthropological studies of tourism are a relatively recent phenomenon in trips to Peru. Beyond economic reflections, the 1970s saw the birth of the social studies of tourism as such sacred valley tour. In general terms, in its beginnings the anthropology of tourism was a response to the economic trend that saw in tourism the economic salvation of poor countries without taking into account the environmental and cultural impacts of the toursperumachupicchu.com activity.
Thus, the first topics to be addressed were tourism & tours and its relationship with tradition and acculturation in trips to Peru. Social scientists constituted a “warning platform” concerned with the “sale of culture” and its likely consequences in communities that continued into the 1980s (Hewison, 1987).
The last few years have brought detailed analyzes of the differentiated way in which tourism affects local inhabitants in the sacred valley of the Inkas. At the local level, tourism would also aggravate the differences, since those who will benefit from the activity are the groups that were already in power or already had economic means before the tourist growth of the area with trips to Cusco and hot waters. “In a certain sense, tourism can be considered not so much as a barometer but as a magnifier of existing social relations” (Salazar, 2006: 116). Tourism has to be located in a capitalist society to function, with all that this entails in the Sacred Valley + Machupicchu tours. Thus, in a developing country, it is quite likely that local inhabitants will lose control over their resources by being forced to work for large or foreign travel agencies, all bound for travel to Peru with the Sacred Valley.
In incredible Peru, the advance of tourism followed the world trend, beginning to increase between the 50s and 70s with travel. Since the 90s, more trips and tours to Peru, given a greater role to private companies in promoting the activity of travel agencies mainly in Cusco, tourism grew continuously to reach today’s levels as the incredible travel destination. to Peru (Fuller, 2009). Among the most visited tourist destinations in Peru, one of the first places has always been occupied by Cusco and the attractions that surround it such as tour sacred valley + mountain of colors + mountain machupicchu. Although today there are many types of tourists seeking diverse experiences, the bulk of the tourist flow continues to have as its main destinations the city of Cusco, Machu Picchu, and the Sacred Valley of the Incas. In the case of the expedition to Machu Picchu, many tourists choose to take the route of the Inca Trail to Machupicchu – open since 1977 for national or foreign tourism – to experience a closer relationship with what is presented in the advertising as Land of the Incas for the tour. This type of expedition involves the mobilization of many people for the comfort of the walkers: porters or porters, cooks, tourist guides on tours. Many of them come from communities of the Sacred Valley of the Inkas.
The Sacred Valley tour, for its part, also attracts a large number of tourists and many of its inhabitants have seen in this activity an opportunity for development by travel agencies. According to Calvo (2001), the very name of the Valley comes from an adaptation to tourist activity. Previously, the area that includes a tour to Pisaq, tour to Ollantaytambo, tour to Chinchero and surroundings of the sacred valley of the Incas (between 2790 and 3018 masl) was known as “La Quebrada”. Since the 1970s, this circuit began to become more dynamic and to incorporate the inhabitants of the area in the tristic activity. Today, the Sacred Valley offers daily tours –in addition to visits to the remains of the Inca civilization– multiple Inka artisan and archaeological centers, recreational complexes, hotels, hotels, hostels, lodges and tourist restaurants, as well as “native” attractions: parties or raymis, productive festivals, etc. (Calvo, 2001).
The field work carried out within the framework of the research for the PUCP Political Culture Workshop is part of this thematic context of Sacred Valley Tours. The communities studied were Huama and Pampallacta, both belonging to the Lamay district, in Calca, Cusco (spatially located in or near the Sacred Valley). The field work was carried out between the months of July and August 2009. Although initially the idea was to make an anthropological update of the social research on peasant communities, the local reality very soon redirected the work towards the topic of tourism and its relationship with the communal organization. Due to the closeness and constant interaction with tour operators and travel agencies, the inhabitants of the Valley communities are affected in one way or another by this economic activity on tours.
One of the tourist activities & tours in which the inhabitants of the area are most involved is carrying, that is, carrying the luggage of tourists on the tours that take the route of the Inca Trail to reach Machupicchu, as well as their belongings. Carried out by other travel agency operators to offer a complete tour service.
“Before concentrated in Ollantaytambo, the porters began to spread the word. The peasants – especially the young people – suddenly discovered that they could have economic resources without particular training in the tours. In an area of acute poverty, the advantage of a four-day tour job that only requires physical energy has been a factor in the rapid growth of the number of porters for the tour ”(Chevarría-Lazo et al., 2003).
This led to the formation of the Cusco Regional Federation of Porters “Daniel Estrada Pérez”, which in turn groups together zonal federations. That of the Sacred Valley is one of the strongest and, among the advantages achieved by its union for tours, is the preference for hiring community members of the Sacred Valley over workers of another origin, as well as the requirement approved by the INC – today the Ministry of Culture, through the Regional Directorate of Culture Cusco – the permit to enter the activity only to unionized porters for tours. However, according to local residents, these preferences for hiring are not due to “social responsibility” of the Cusco tourism companies, but rather to the fact that the community members charge little for their work as porters in the Sacred Valley of the Inkas tours. Thus, many of the community members seasonally abandon their farms and families to carry out this travel & tour work.
Currently, the most important tourist attraction in Cusco is the Historic Sanctuary of Machupicchu considered Cultural and Natural Heritage of Humanity and one of the seven wonders of the modern world. However, there are also other important tourist places such as the Archaeological Complexes of Sacsayhuaman tour, Ollantaytambo tour, Tambomachay tour, Chinchero tour, Maras Moray tour, sacred valley tour, Pikillacta tour, Tipón tour and Pisac tour. Additionally, Cusco city constitutes the tourist center on which the tourist operation of the region revolves and is the main concentrator of services.
Known as the lost city of the Incas, Machupicchu is one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World since 2007 for tours, considered a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983. It is located in the district of Machupicchu, province of Urubamba , 130 km from the city of Cusco. The archaeological site itself is accessible via the Inca trails or via the Hiram Bingham Highway, which ascends the slope of Machupicchu Mountain from the train station in the town of Aguas Calientes. The tourist flow to the citadel of Machupicchu has shown an average annual growth of 6.9% for the period 2007 – 2012. Tour in 2012 the arrival of tourists to the Inca citadel was 1,114,434 (352,000 nationals and 762,000 foreigners, approximately), a higher figure to that achieved in the 2011 Tour (971,642). The proportion of tourists in Machu Picchu by origin has remained quite invariant in recent years, close to 70% foreigners and 30% nationals with tours.
In 2007, UNESCO recommended setting the maximum capacity of Machupicchu at 2,500 daily visitors for the tour. Throughout 2011, more than 3,000 tickets were sold per day for each tour during the months with the highest influx of tourists, which led to the acceptance of this UNESCO recommendation, finally limiting the capacity of the ruins (with certain months of flexibility for adaptation).
Cusco Declared a World Heritage Site in 1983 by UNESCO, and is considered the Rome of America for the amount of monuments it has. It is the main tourist destination in Peru, with an expected influx for 2012 of more than 2 million visitors between nationals and foreigners with tours.
It has architectural wonders from the colonial era such as: the Cathedral (it contains one of the largest collections of colonial art in Peru), the Church of the Company of Jesus, the Merced Church, the Church and Monastery of San Francisco, and the Koricancha ( it has a gallery of canvases from the 17th and 18th centuries). The city Cusco also offers a series of museums of religious art and regional history on the tour.
It is an Inca “ceremonial fortress” located two kilometers north of the city of Cusco. The construction itself is peculiar, since some of the stones found there are gigantic and make one wonder how they managed to transport them. The stones were fitted with almost unimaginable precision. According to the archaeologist, Carlos Silva, the archaeological complex of Sacsayhuaman surpasses in historical importance the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, which is evidenced by the immediate connection to the city of Cusco (two kilometers away), capital of the Inca empire. In addition, due to the importance of the complex, it is in a position to become a tourist alternative to Machupicchu.
Tour to Ollantaytambo was the second most important city of the Inca empire in the sacred valley of the Incas, it was a place dedicated to the cult of the sun. Located about 90 km northeast of the city of Cusco, today it is an important tourist destination due to its Inca constructions and mainly because it is the starting point of the Inca trail to Machupicchu. It is considered the gateway and nodal change to the citadel, which is connected by rail for the tour.
Tour to Tambomachay is an Inka archaeological site that was destined to the cult of water and so that the head of the Inca Empire could rest. This place is also called Baños del Inca. It is located 8 km northeast of Cusco through the sacred valley of the Incas.
Chinchero is considered unique in its kind because in addition to having an archaeological complex, the city is built on Inca foundations and walls and its population has maintained ancestral customs. The Inka archaeological complex is located north of the Chinchero district and is made up of a set of architectural spaces: pre-Columbian wall structures, enclosures, terraces, stairways, shrines, among others. Currently, it is part of the tourist circuit of the Sacred Valley.
Located 20 km from Cusco south valley, it is currently considered one of the best preserved pre-Inca cities that exist in Peru. It stands out for the excellent urban planning, which stands out for the well-defined streets as well as spaces for housing.
Recognized in 1932 as concentric circular platforms, Moray is located in the Sacred Valley of the Incas 38 km northwest of Cusco. Various theories indicate that it was an Inca agricultural research center where various microclimates were simulated and crop experiments were carried out at different heights. The flow of tourists to the archaeological complex of Moray has shown a variable trend in the tour in the last five years, reaching its maximum tourist flow in 2009 with around 97,000 visitors and reaching almost 52,000 visitors in 2012.
Included among the most visited archaeological complexes in the Cusco South Valley region, it was considered by the Association of Civil Engineers of the United States as a “marvel of civil engineering.” Here is one of the largest irrigation works, due to the distribution of the water pipes in the open air. In 2012, the number of visitors to the complex showed a recovery in relation to the drop suffered during 2011 (-48%), and received the visit of 39,000 tourists in total.
It should be noted that the Inca archaeological complexes of Moray, Pikillaqta and Tipón are rarely visited by tourists on the tour, who have a preference to visit on their tours are: the Inca ruins as well as the scenic beauty and the towns of the Sacred Valley to the north of the Cusco (Ollantaytambo, Tambomachay, Sacsayhuaman, Chinchero, Pisac, Rainbow Mountain, Humantay lagoon, Salkantay trekking, Inka jungle trail, among others for the tour).