Recommended for people who do not have much time on their trips; Machu Picchu is a world wonder and is located in Peru, be sure to visit it. The Peru Machu Picchu Tours Team Authorized Travel Agency gives you the opportunity to do so, choose the dates we have daily departures for a tour to Machu Picchu we offer organized daily tours for single people, travel in pairs, tours for students and groups of all ages ; This tour starts at the hotel and ends at the hotel, early you will be picked up from your hotel and then we will go by tourist bus to the town of Ollantaytambo; this trip lasts approx. 2hrs; From Ollantaytambo we board the Expedition tourist service train, this journey takes approximately 2 hours. On the way you will be able to appreciate the wonderful landscape characteristic of Peru, the train runs alongside the Vilcanota river and the landscapes with its snow-capped mountains. Arriving at the town of Aguas Calientes “Machu Picchu town” our guide will be waiting to welcome you and then go by bus to the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu where you will have 2-hour guided tours in the main sectors of Machu Picchu Wonder of Peru then You will have free time to enjoy this wonderful Inca sanctuary.
At the coordinated time you will take the bus back to Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu town) where you will board the train back to the town of Ollantaytambo, our transfer awaits you and embarks you by bus, arriving at the city of Cusco archaeological capital of Peru approximately At 9pm.
Pick up from hotel at 4:30 am to board the tourist bus and travel 1:40 minutes to reach the town of Ollantaytambo, on the way you can see picturesque places and the snow-capped mountains at dawn.
From Ollantaytambo they board the train at 6:40 am (there are different schedules) and travel for 2 hours by tourist train to Machu Picchu town where our staff awaits you, reception and brief explanation about the tour in Machu Picchu, continue by bus to the control, corresponding registration and entry to the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu.
You will enjoy a 2 hour guided tour in the main sectors of Machu Picchu, and later free time, you can take photos, charge yourself with energy or simply observe the Inca citadel – World Wonder.
At the time indicated by our guide or according to your criteria, board the bus to Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu town), present yourself at the train station 30 minutes before your tour, board the return train to the living Inca city of Ollantaytambo , and transfer to your hotel in Cusco.
End of the services of Tours Peru Machu Picchu.
Important for tours.- note At the appointed time, the night before the tour the Tours Machu Picchu 1 day, will speak at your hotel with our professional guide of Tours Peru Machupicchu.
Entrance tickets to Machu Picchu are differentiated by the type of access of each of them, listed below their type of tickets to Machu Picchu:
After the first contact with an excursion to Machu Picchu tours, which was actually short, Hiram Bingham returned in 1912, leading the scientific expedition made by many leading scientists, sponsored by Yale University and the National Geographic Society (Tours Peru). He returned in 1914 and 1915 to explore the classic Inca Trail to Machu Picchu from Corihuairachina tours to Machu Picchu. Before its discovery in 1911, Bingham visited Peru in 1909 of machu. At that time he went to Abancay, where he had news of the archaeological site of Choquequirao trek to machu picchu. Based on his expeditions, he published several studies, especially those related to Machu Picchu. In 1930, he released tours Machu Picchu / a quotation of the Incas. Later, he edited popular books that were in great demand in the world. As they progressed found more architectural treasures, buildings that resembled the Sun Temple (Tours Peru).
Hiram Bingham was captivated BEAUTY LINE, the symmetry of the blocks and the gradation of the rows that caused WONDERFUL EFFECT OF MACHU PICCHU TOURS. “Due to the absence of mixing, there were no gaps between BLOCKS UGLY. SEEMED STATES HAVE GROWN … (Tours Peru)”
NOTES TO MACHU PICCHU:
The tourist destination in Peru is generated around the city of Cuzco is mainly based on the tour (tours) to its archaeological resources and has become an archaeological landmark destination worldwide to Peru. related to the fate and related archaeological tourism resources themselves and Machu Picchu tours: about this destination two levels of basic travel management are presented. This article deals with the analysis of the model of planning, management, enhancement and development of the destination and its Inca archaeological resources as well as the formal coordination procedures between the managers of both (Tours Peru).
It has about 390,000 inhabitants which places it among the most populated in the country – Cuzco – Peru; and is an eminently tourist city that has developed a tourism business structure capable of responding to the needs of tours of tourists with a wide range of accommodation, restaurants, tour operators, specialized shops, associated services, nightlife, etc. . (Tours Peru).
The city of Cuzco is the nerve center of tourism and redistributor with tours in the region and its main entrance and departure of tours to Machu Picchu trek to Machu Picchu. Most visitors come to the city by air (Peru – Lima – Cuzco) although there are also rail connections with bus Puno and Puno tours, Arequipa and Ayacucho tours and other towns in the same region of Cuzco. Tourists coming to the city spend at least one night in the same enjoying the cultural and archaeological remains found in the historical district and in the immediate vicinity (Tours Peru).
It is very popular performing the Cusco City Tour offers transportation and guide to the main resources found around the city of Cuzco. Usually it has done in half a day (from 14h to 18h) and its cost is between 7 to $ 10. The tours include tour with visits to Sacsayhuaman, Q’enqo tour, tour and tour Pucapucara Tambomachay. (Tours Peru).
On the Intihuatana inclination of Machu Picchu – Peru Machu Picchu Tours:
The Intihuatana at Machu Picchu tours is considered a “sundial” and for decades was investigated German astronomer Rolf Müller. He determined the measures and orientation of the stone, reaching the conclusion that the two largest areas of this stone made of granite, is located at 27.5 ° and 25.5 °, respectively, north of the western direction. This means that the diagonal of the area of the base is more or less east-west. Therefore, the rays of the rising and setting sun, and the solstices (June 21 and December 21), fall almost along the leading edges. So with the help of the shadows, it was possible to determine the dates of the solstices with relative accuracy. Aberration with respect to actual output addresses and sunset is approx. 1 degree. If you prolong the said diagonal to the east and west, one would find there exit points and sunset at the time of the equinoxes.
Tours Machu Picchu with a view south to north. On the left the Hanan sector of the city is (with the pyramidal structure Intihuatana Hill) and on the right the East sector separated by the main square. In the background the Cerro Huayna Picchu. The image is taken from the top of the agricultural sector, south of the resort.
At the opposite end of Písac and 80 km from the city of Cusco we find the town of Ollantaytambo, a space where the design of the archaeological complex is confused with the current town. This district of the province of Urubamba is reached by the Chinchero – Urubamba paved road, and also by rail (68 km). It is located 2,700 meters high, and as we have pointed out, both its design and the bases of most of its buildings correspond to the Inca period. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The Ollantaytambo archaeological complex was a strategic military, religious and agricultural center. The architectural setting is of exceptional interest due to the size, style and originality of its buildings. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The origin of the name has several approaches. According to the Aymara language, Ollantaytambo derives from the word ullanta-wi, which means “place to look down”; the term tambo, is added later. For the Quechua language, the name comes from the word Ollanta (which is the name of an Inca captain, whose history was kept as an oral tradition, and written as a drama by Antonio Valdez, priest of Urubamba, in the middle of the 18th century) and from the term, tambo, a Spanish derivation of the Quechua word tampu; which means, “city that offers accommodation, food and comfort to travelers.”
Testimonies of residents of Ollantaytambo give an account of the conflicts and antipathies that existed towards the Incas. History mentions that its inhabitants refused to pay the taxes ordered by the Inca Pachacútec, for which they were immediately executed. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
With the victory, Pachacútec claimed the territory as his own, and ordered the construction of the magnificent buildings that the city boasts today. To do this, he used the labor force of the sons of Collao, an area near Lake Titicaca and Tiahuanaco, which was also defeated. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The sons of Chuchi Cápac, the defeated general of the Collao, had to work as builders of the fortress, but it was not long before they decided to rebel and flee. Finally, after many confrontations and great bloodshed, the Inca Pachacútec managed to contain the violent rebellion. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Another part of the history of this city was led by the indigenous resistance of Manco Inca, who, after keeping Cusco surrounded for months, and seeing that his own forces were weakening, withdrew to Ollantaytambo. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The city offered him a perfect defense, covered by eleven stepped platforms, which allowed him in the year 1537 to defeat the army of the Spanish conquerors, before the Inca monarch retired to Vilcabamba. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Ollantaytambo was engraved in the memory of the world thanks to a drama written in the 16th century, and performed in the theater in 1780. The story tells of the conflictive love between General Ollanta and CUSÍ Coyllor, Pachacútec’s daughter. Ollanta was distinguished from the other generals of the empire for his bravery and great skill, but he had to leave the city disappointed that he could not love a girl who did not belong to his social class. Already far away, Ollanta incited the population to rebellion against the imperial army, causing a war that lasted a whole decade. Finally, our hero was captured by the betrayal of Captain Rumiñahui, and brought to Cusco before Túpac Yupanqui; who, after hearing the story, decided to free him and accept him as his sister’s companion. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Description of Ollantaytambo:
Ollantaytambo is another national archaeological park to which different functions are attributed. Because of its strategic location. Ollantaytambo was a military construction built to protect the capital of the Inca empire from possible invasions by the Antis. It is also said that it was built to open roads to Antisuyo. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
What nobody disputes is that it was a very fortified city, surrounded by a wall with pukaras or fortresses. The main one is the so-called Royal House of the Sun; but we can also find the strengths of Choqana and Inkapintay. on the left side of the Urubamba river. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
It is one of the few cities that still maintains Inca urban planning. It is divided into two parts by the Patacancha river: the first (to the east) is octagonal with blocks of different sizes, and the second (to the west) is ceremonial in nature, where the Plaza Mañay Racay is located, known as Aracma Ayllu. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Ollantaytambo – The Town:
The town was divided into rectangular blocks with a well-planned geometric scheme that gives the impression of being a town designed by modern architects. Its thin streets open in the direction of the Urubamba river. Each block or field is made up of a group of houses that share the same door to the central patio. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Originally, a suspension bridge was used, made with braided ichu or maguey fibers, which had to be renewed annually. Today, the stone bridges that span the river are built on two huge ridges. The agricultural activity in this area benefited from the presence of the Patakancha stream, a place where you could see large cultivation terraces that are currently deteriorated and abandoned. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Ollantaytambo – The ceremonial sector:
It was mainly dedicated to the cult of “Unu” or “Yaku” (water deities). For this reason, there were a series of fountains that served this purpose, such as the Ñusta Bath, which is one of the fountains carved from a single piece of granite, 1.30 meters high by 2.50 meters wide. It is one of the best known and water still flows from its interior. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
This place is made up of a short plain that leads to a huge hill on the sides of which are located various archaeological monuments. The main one is located at the top and is known as La Fortaleza or Casa Real del Sol. (Machupicchu tours 1 day – peru tour)
The Terraces of Ollanytambo:
To the west of the square is a set of terraces that served two purposes: cultivation, and to stop the corrosion of the most important temples in the area. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Towards the right are the platforms oriented towards the side of the square. The upper group of these stands out for the fine carving of its stones and its excellent assembly. The last platform contains the enclosure with ten niches, also called, the Temple of the ten windows, and the Monumental Front, whose function is still unknown. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Also noteworthy is the Inca Misana, an aqueduct carved in the stones of the mountain, together with a liturgical fountain, small staircases, and niches with false openings; that served as a place where the Inca spoke to the people about him. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Ollantaytambo’s privileged position allowed other small buildings to be strategically located at high angles of the mountains, to control the movement of people in the valley. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The Fortress or Royal House of the Sun in Ollantaytambo:
The Royal House of the Sun, and Ollantaytambo in its entirety, still preserves the layout of the urban planning of the Inca Empire. Its rooms still recall the presence of Manco Inca, who faced Hernando Pizarro, in 1537, during the indigenous resistance that continued for many more years. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The fortress or shrine is made up of seventeen superimposed terraces, built on large carved pink granite (red porphyry) stones that measure more than four meters high by two meters wide and two meters thick. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The walls or walls of the Royal House of the Sun have an internal inclination, and the main one, a composition of six blocks of huge stones, with joints of small stones, which are part of the Main Altar. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
It is believed that the main quarry for the construction of the place was Cachicata, located 6 kms. away on the left side of the Vilcanota river. The rocks were partially carved out of the quarries, and then they were lowered into the valley. But there were some, known as “tired stones”, that did not reach their destination. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The way they transported huge stones from long distances has always impressed; in this case, they required an artificial channel parallel to the river to move the immense masses, and climb them up a steep slope. They used instruments such as log rollers, rolling stones, camelid leather ropes, levers, pulleys, and the strength of thousands of men. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
It is thought that this type of construction has as a precedent the architecture of Tiawanako -which the Collas could bring, from the Lake Titicaca region-, since on the external surface of the room, at the southern end, there are three carved symbols that belong to the pre-ceramic culture; the Hanan Pacha (The Sky), the Kay Pacha (The Surface of the Earth) and the Ukhu Pacha (The Subsoil or Interior). But the Inca peculiarities are differentiated by the use of joints and finely polished exterior surfaces, which even served as mirrors. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
To learn about the mysteries and power of its walls, you can enter the fortress through a stone staircase (15 to 20 minutes) that takes you to an esplanade and a portal that is looking at Plaza Mañay Racay. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Inca Huatana or Intihuatana of Ollantaytambo:
Located in the upper part of the Temple of the Sun, on an almost vertical slope, the Inca Huatana or Intihuatana consists of a wall with high niches, on whose sides there are security holes of up to 80 cm. deep. In front of these there is a structure that is suspended over a cliff, which is why it is believed that it was used for the torture and execution of prisoners of war or criminals, although the function of astronomical observatory is the most accepted. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The Pincuylluna Center:
Pincuylluna, which means “where the pincuyllo is played” – an Inca wind instrument – is located west of the Patucancha river, in front of the Temple of the Sun. It is an architectural complex that is made up of buildings of three identical and superimposed blocks. The base of the blocks is rectangular, they have six windows on the façade and six on the wall facing the hill, providing adequate ventilation and lighting. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
In the place are the most interesting coicas (agricultural deposits) of the Sacred Valley, because to the left of these you can see a gigantic stone block that, for the locals, represents the face of an Inca. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
If you want to visit the place, we indicate that the tour is three hours of walking.
Ollantaytambo site museum:
The museum is the work of the Andean Center for Traditional Technology and Culture of the Communities of Ollantaytambo (CATCCO). We recommend visiting it because it presents the history of the region in an educational and modern way. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
It contains five rooms on the second floor of a large house on an ancient Inca court, which allows the visitor to learn more about the history, archeology, architecture, crafts and beliefs of the inhabitants of Ollantaytambo. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
In addition, this association organizes walks through seven ancestral routes: Yanacocha, Pincuylluna, Pumamesarca, Huílloc, Páchar, Cachi cata and Ollantaytambo. The walks take from three to seven hours, and have tour guides. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
CHINCHERO (3,762 masl) – city tour:
30 km north of the city of Cusco, along an asphalt road, we arrive at the town of Chincheros (3,762 meters above sea level), a town of Inca origin that receives the custody of the snowy Chicón and whose name originates in the Quechua sinchi voice, which means “brave man”. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Strategically located at the crossroads of three roads that connect Cusco, Yucay and Pumamarca, this town was the obligatory step to Machu Picchu in the time of Tahuantinsuyo. This route started from the Carmenca neighborhood (current Santa Ana neighborhood, in Cusco), continued along the slopes of the Senca hill, passed near the Piuray lagoon, and next to Chinchero, continued to Maras. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
At present Chinchero is a district of the province of Urubamba that has a population that exceeds 15 thousand inhabitants. It is made up of twelve indigenous communities that moderately maintain the system of social organization of the ayllus, although they no longer correspond to the system of organization in force before the Spanish conquest. These communities, following the Tahuantinsuyo organization system, directly appoint their highest authority: the Varayoc. For this reason, Chinchero is one of the few places where the traditional form of trade in the markets called barter is preserved. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The main economic activity in Chinchero is agriculture. 55% of farmers are dedicated to potato cultivation, 15% to cereals, another 15% to small tubers, 10% to legumes and between 2 and 3% to other crops. Today as in the past, Chinchero is considered the granary of Cusco. In their lands, the production of sheep and cattle stands out, although the llamas brought from the punas should be mentioned. Their bulls are in high demand for plowing the land. The area has very important water resources such as the Huaypo and Piuray lagoons. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Chinchero was founded in the middle of the most beautiful countryside in order to serve as a resting place for the Inca Túpac Yupanqui. There he ordered the erection of shrines, baths, platforms and the great royal palace in the year 1480. The chronicles relate that the ruler died in dark circumstances. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Some believe that he was poisoned by his favorite princess, Chiqui Odio, although it could also be the coya Mama Odio herself, who resented the Inca’s preference for the son of his concubine. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
In the struggle for power, all Chiqui Odio’s supporters were exterminated, including the princess. The Inca’s son, Cápac Huari, was confined for life in the Chinchero jail. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Around 1540, the rebel Manco Inca, in the flight towards Vilcabamba, burned Chinchero to prevent his enemies from being able to supply themselves with it. Chinchero has a rich monumental and cultural heritage. It is one of the few places in Cusco that conserves the Inca urban layout in a visible way. The remains of the Inca palace, the colonial church built on a stone base, its impeccable terraces and a colorful Sunday fair are its main attractions. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The Plaza de Armas boasts a huge Inca wall decorated with ten large trapezoidal niches in perfect condition, and one of the most important colonial churches in the region (it has baroque altars and profuse mural painting). The Plaza also overlooks what was once the home of Mateo García Pumacahua, leader of an anti-colonial rebellion in 1814. (Machupicchu 1 day tours – peru tour)
Despite being located at almost 4,000 meters above sea level, the Chinchero landscape does not expressly correspond to the cold puna. On its wide plateau, decorated by the Piuray and Huaypo lagoons, the snow-capped Salcantay, Verónica and Soray rise imposingly, on whose shores there are several communities dedicated to the cultivation of potatoes. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
According to one of the local legends, the Sun God asked Manco Cápac that his sons, his twins, accompany him in his twilight. When they went to look for them, they discovered that the son who walked further had become the Huaypo lagoon and the daughter in the Piuray lagoon. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The Inca city of Chinchero:
The current town of Chinchero, like Ollantaytambo. It is built entirely on an Inca settlement of extraordinary extension. According to the studies carried out by José Alcina Franch, the urban complex of Chinchero is made up of a series of buildings, generally rectangular in shape. These are seen attached to the slopes of a hill, on platforms, almost always very elongated and of little depth, especially in a north direction. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The set of platforms with buildings is arranged around two squares. A main square or large square -the current esplanade of Capellanpampa- and the town square, located at the foot of the church. Franch argues, hypothetically, that perhaps the latter had a civic-military character. In the great square (60 meters wide by 114 meters long) there are three buildings aligned on the south side and several finely carved stones of a ceremonial nature. These are huacas that might represent the mythical ancestors of the ayllus. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The town square has two levels: the highest corresponds to the atrium of the church and the lowest to the square itself. The gap has a retaining wall decorated by twelve large niches. In the eastern sector of the town there is a large extension of platforms. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Because the urban center is located on platforms, the builders of Chinchero used stairs and ramps to access from one platform to another. For its part, the circulation was carried out through streets and corridors, with earth rammed with stones and drainage channels. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Possibly, both squares communicated at the point where today there is a large portal that allows access to the town square. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
The rainwater and wastewater evacuation system reached – in the opinion of Alcina Franch – a high level that is difficult to imitate. The perfection in the layout, as well as the solidity and studied graduation or slope of its channels, account for the high knowledge of the architects and urban planners to whom Túpac Yupanqui entrusted the task of building his residence for rest. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
In the sector where the church is today, you can see formidable polyhedron walls assembled to perfection that form retaining walls that shape the platforms. In addition, large rooms with windows remain. In the town square you can see an Inca wall formed by twelve niches. The niches have a modern lithic eaves that covers and protects them above. The structures built on these terraces have mostly disappeared, but a portion of the walls is still part of the broad church. (tours machupicchu 1 day – tour peru)
Many of the inhabitants of Chinchero dress in the style of their ancestors. Not only during the Sunday fair, to attract the attention of tourists, but on a daily basis, jealously preserving its tradition. The adult man wears the typical hat, especially on Sundays and holidays. He also uses the walnut sheep wool ponchos, vests and trousers made of cloth, as well as multi-colored chullos. On his feet they wear the ancestral sandals (flip flops), either made of leather or rubber. The chincherina woman, on her part, has inherited for generations the art of spinning and weaving wool. For this reason, she proudly retains her traditional dress. She dresses in llicllas (a kind of dark blankets decorated with red and green filigree and a pin at the height of the chest), vests and black cloth skirts, fastened to the body with sashes or chumpis. On her heads, decorated with fine braids, they wear colorful hats. (Machu Picchu tours 1 day – Peru tour)