Tours of the Sacred Valley of the Incas This tour is recommended because it is unique. Throughout the circuit can appreciate the majestic and wonderful fertile landscapes with meandering sacred river “Vilcanota” visit the craft markets and guided to the 3 most important archaeological sites in the Sacred Valley of the Incas visits.
The Sacred Valley of the Incas is located 27 km (1 h) to the northeast of Cusco by a paved road in good condition. This sacred valley extends along a river Vilcanota (the same that downstream takes the name of Urubamba or Willcamayu). It covers the area between the towns of Pisac and Ollantaytambo. It is possible to access it through three paved roads to the Sacred Valley of the Incas. A succession of picturesque villages (some with splendid colonial churches), platforms and other Inca archaeological remains, as well as large fields where excellent corn is planted and an exceptional climate, make this valley an obligatory destination for all those who visit Cusco. Among the tourist activities of the tour that can be developed in the place include the mountaineering, practiced in the snowy Chicón, Wakay Willca (which is part of the Veronica massif), Pitusiray, Sawasiray, Terijway and Sunchubamba (all summits of the Vilcanota mountain range with more than 5,000 meters in height); the walks or trekking of the tour; canoeing on the tour (in the sections tour to Pisac, tour to Calca, tour to Huarán, tour to Ollantaytambo); horseback riding and mountain biking on a tour. In the villages of the Sacred Valley of the Incas there are numerous hotels and restaurants of typical food. It is recommended to stay overnight and then visit the beautiful surrounding villages.
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8:30 a.m. will be picked up from your hotel to board our bus to bring you to the picturesque village of Pisac and then to the ruins where guided tour will also have time to visit the craft market. Urubamba where we continue to enjoy the buffet lunch and continue until Ollantantaytambo guided tour and finally the tour will visit Chinchero very old and typical artisan market where the inhabitants of the communities still maintain the custom of barter.
Pisac ruins and handicraft market: Picturesque town and important archaeological site located 30 km (1 h) to the northeast of Cusco by asphalted road. Pisac, which is the gateway to the Sacred Valley of Urubamba, has an “old town” (archaeological site considered one of the most beautiful Inca monuments) and a “modern village” of colonial origin. To access the “old town” or archaeological site, which was one of the most important fortresses built to guard the imperial capital of attacks or anti inhabitants of the Amazon region, it is necessary to ascend a hill (on foot, via the Pisaqa, or road sector, through the top of the valley Canchisracay Chongos) on whose slopes there is one of the most spectacular terraces in the area. The site of Pisac is what scholars call a typical strategic enclave pucara or fortress for the defense of a vast populated area. It is possible to find splendid walls (comparable to the Koricancha, in Cusco), some towers, Intihuatana or sundial (in Quechua, “where the sun is tied”) and several enclosures and tanks built of stones finely carved.
Urubamba (lunch): Town of Inca origin located 69 km (1 h 15 min) to the northeast of Cusco via Pisac and 57 km (45 min), via Chinchero. Its name derives from the Aymara and Uru Bamba voices, meaning “pampa day to day.” It is located in the heart of the Urubamba Valley, surrounded by the landscape of the Chicón and picturesque countryside same. He was one of the main agricultural centers of the Inca empire. In its place there is an interesting colonial church. It has several hotels and lodges, besides the famous and crowded taverns and rural restaurants. In recent years they have mushroomed near the eco-lodges or rustic lodges operated by local or foreign, and where the possibility is offering the traveler to participate in making crafts or agricultural work (we recommend Yuyarisun Cultural Centre, 3 km the village owned by a singular Cusco-German couple). A 6 km NW of the town is Tarabamba, and 3 km later, climbing a bridle path that cru¬za the river and goes to the left, the spectacular salt mines of Maras worked since the Incas.
Ollantaytambo ruins is an attractive town of Inca origin located in the western end of the Sacred Valley of Urubamba, 78 km (1 h 30 min) to the northeast of Cusco by asphalted road. Named after the famous legend about the rebel general Ollantay. Its design and the foundation of most of its buildings for the original path (llaqta) from the time the Inca (the Inca streets still keep their names), during which he was a strategic military, religious and agricultural center. Are remarkable cobblestone streets, canals and the temple dedicated to St. James, built in 1620. In the upper part an impressive ceremonial center of worship of water and a fortress that guarded the access to the bottom of the valley and protected it from rising the possible invasion of the jungle ethnic groups (so-called anti). The archaeological site comprises a series of superimposed terraces, which is accessed via a steep staircase. Are admirable large stone blocks finely carved from the upper terrace (Temple of the Sun).
Chincheros typical market: Town of Inca origin 30 km (45 min) N of Cusco by asphalted road. Guarded by the imposing snowy Chicon (5530 m) and spectacular views of the Vilcabamba and Vilcanota mountain ranges. Its name would derive from the Quechua word sinchi, which means ‘brave man’. It presented in its main square a huge Inca wall with ten large trapezoidal niches in perfect condition, and one of the churches.
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