Agencia de viajes, Cusco - Tours Peru Machu Picchu - Sacred Land Adventures

Sacred Valley Machu Picchu

Visitas en su viaje a: Sacred Valley Machu Picchu

Precio Viaje

$ 00.00 us

Duracion Viaje

0 dias / 0 noches

Trips Viajes

Excursion diaria

Tipo Tour

Caminata

Ubicacion Viaje

Cusco – Peru

Sacred Valley Machu Picchu with Tours Peru Machu Picchu – Tour Operator

TRAVEL PACKAGES: SACRED VALLEY + MACHU PICCHU BY TRAIN – 1 DAY

TRAVEL PACKAGES: SACRED VALLEY + MACHU PICCHU BY TRAIN – 2 DAYS

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Tour Sacred Valley Machu Picchu 2 days

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Historical overview of Cusco and Sacred Valley + Machu Picchu:

A trip in Peru to know the cultural landscape of the Sacred Valley of the Incas and the material and immaterial changes that have occurred since the arrival of large-scale tourism during the 1960s. This sacred valley is one of the most visited tourist routes in the country. Peru due to its natural beauty and the different archaeological sites of the Inca culture that it owns, among them: Pisac. Despite having these resources, for many centuries the main economic sources were agriculture and livestock in the sacred valley.

It is from the 1960s of the twentieth century when tourism begins to increase significantly allowing the development of a service economy in Peru. Thus, the cities and towns along the Sacred Valley become centers receiving national and international tourists for their trips.

The city of Pisac is a good example in the description of the transformation of the landscape to be located at the southern entrance of the sacred valley from the city of Cusco. In addition, its artisanal market, known for the diversity of Inka products, and its imposing archaeological ruins in the upper part, have made Pisac a tourist place distinguished worldwide by the Sacred Valley of the Incas.

For this the trips to Peru with its substantial changes from the decade of the 1960s when the tourism in the region began to expand more to the sacred valley and Machu Picchu. The physical aspects of the city are examined as the facades of the current buildings and on the other hand the perception of its inhabitants to understand how the landscape validates the ideology and the local cultural identity. For this, interviews are held with its inhabitants and the local authorities of Cusco, Sacred Valley, Machu Picchu.

Knowing in your travels the cultural landscape has great practical and theoretical relevance for Geography. For practical purposes, countries like Peru, which have a great cultural and archaeological heritage inka sacred valley + machu picchu, need a good management of this and its territory. People have the right to enjoy a landscape in which their formation and evolution can be understood, for which Geography has much to contribute. In practical terms, this branch of studies sees the elements of the territory as an indivisible and interconnected unit between Cusco + Sacred Valley and Machu Picchu (Gómez Mendoza 2004: 2).

On your trips to Peru, you will discover its landscape, which is a conservation through a good understanding of its inhabitants and culture of the Sacred Valley and Machu Picchu. An important event in the protection of cultural landscapes in Peru was the approval of supreme decree No. 002-2011-MC in May 2011 on the regulations for the declaration and management of cultural landscapes as the nation’s cultural heritage, safeguarding the territories of great historical and cultural value (El Peruano, 2011).

Inca History – Tours Peru Machu Picchu – Tour Operator

The Inca Empire – Traditional Cusco ?:

The Incas constituted a centralized state located in South America, the last and most advanced of the so-called pre-Columbian “empires”. Its territory was called Tahuantinsuyo (Quechua Tawantin Suyu “the four regions or divisions”). Its period of greatest splendor in the Andean zone was between the XV and XVI centuries, coinciding with the apogee of the Inca civilization, reaching to cover about 2 million km2 between the Pacific Ocean and the Amazon jungle, from near San Juan de Pasture to the north and to the Maule river in the south. Thus, it became the most extensive state of pre-Columbian America (travel package sacred valley to Machu Picchu 1 day by train).

The Empire of the Four Parts would be created with much effort from the reign of the Inca Viracocha, eighth successor of the creator of the dynasty and founder of traditional Cusco, Manco Capac. His son Pachacutec (14381471) would subdue the altiplano but the true creator of the empire would be Tupac Inca Yupanqui (14711493) who would lead the Inca armies from the Equator to the Maipú River in Chile, an expansion that would cover more than 35º latitude (tour sacred valley ). It is due to the division of the state into four administrative districts or suyus that would give their name to the Inca empire: the Collasuyu, to the southeast, populated by Quechuas and Aymara, which was the sacred Lake Titicaca (tour puno) and the city ​​from where Inti and Mama Quilla, Tihuanacu emerged, the Cuntisuyu, towards the southwest, which included the regions populated by some of the oldest cultures of Peru, such as Paracas or Nazca, Chinchasuyu, towards the northwest, following the coast, included the conquered lands of the Chimu Empire and the sacred places of Pachacamac or Chavín de Huantar and, finally, the Antisuyu, towards the northeast, in the valleys of the sacred Vilcanota River or Urumbamba where the force of the Empire was located and where It would produce the last resistance that expanded to the edges of the Amazon jungle (sacred valley tours + machu picchu + mountain 1 day by train).

After this period of apogee, the empire entered a considerable decline due to several problems, although the most significant was the confrontation for the throne among the sons of Huayna Cápac (ancient Peru). After the war, which led to a civil war, it was Atahualpa who emerged victorious in 1532, but his rise coincided with the arrival of the Castilian troops under the command of Francisco Pizarro, who would capture him and then execute in 1533. Thus, with the Atahualpa’s death ended the Inca Empire, although there was a vestige of independent state formed by rebels to the crown, known as the “Incas de Vilcabamba – sacred valley tour». These were fought in the following decades, until the end of the period in 1572 with the beheading of the last of them, Tupac Amaru (tour machu picchu + sacred valley panoramic 3 days).

The Incas and astronomy – Cusco – Sacred Valley ?:

As we have commented previously, the Inca Empire can be considered Sacred Valley Inca, by geographic extension, the most representative empire of South America. In addition he was one the pre-Columbian towns that more time dedicated to the study of the sky.

The firmament of the Southern Hemisphere is amazing and beautiful. The splendor of the Milky Way and its two satellite galaxies, the Magellanic Clouds, make the sky in the southern hemisphere a great spectacle. This must have been what the ancient inhabitants of the Inca Empire must have thought, who like the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean (Greeks, Egyptians, Romans …) saw in those bright spots in the sky, groups of stars that can be grouped and identified as “constellations” . For example, the Milky Way was for them the great Rio Mayu, so bright that its Dark areas clearly stood out over the adjacent areas populated by stars (tours Cusco + Sacred Valley + Machu Picchu full.5 days).

For example, the “sack of coal”, an especially dark region very close to the prodigious Chakana -Sacred Valley, the Southern Cross, was known as Yutu, the Perdíz, name that also received another similar region in Sagittarius. The region of dark clouds between Sagittarius and Centaurus was, and still is, the Celestial Flame whose eyes gleam in the bright Alpha and Beta of the Centaur. Hanp’ata, Sapo and Machacuay, the Serpent, occupy the areas of the Milky Way near the Argos Ship (Peru Magico). But two of the most important groupings were called as Collca, the Warehouse. One of them, the least important, formed by the stars of the Scorpion sting, and the other, infinitely more important was the Inca name of the Pleiades, since Collca was and is, the central reference of the Peruvian highland calendar, and in its double winter and summer facet was one of the most important cosmological referents of the Empire of the Four Parts, the Tahuantinsuyu (tour cusco sacred valley + puno panoramico lake titicaca 5 days).

The Inca astronomy deserved special attention because it was related to agricultural work and its division was marked with a special + sacred valley inca party. They patiently observed the Sun and determined the solstices and the equinoxes. For this purpose they could use various mechanisms, such as the system of ceques and perhaps also the so-called Intihuatanas, which were common in several cities of the Inca Empire (tour machu picchu + sacred valley 2 days).

Precisely in Magical Cusco, some researchers have found documents of the Spanish colonizers that describe the Temple of the Inca Sun, from which radiated forty-one axes called ceques, whose arrangement implied topographic or astronomical alignments, which defined a total of 328 huacas, or sacred places, that fulfilled ritual and political functions (tour sacred valley of the Incas 1 day).

Among them were the so-called Sucancas, which determined the sunrise and sunset points in the solstices of June and December, a special case was the Quincalla huaca, the sunrise and sunset on the day of its zenith passage or the positions of departure and sunset of the Pleiades, among others. The output of the Pleiades was especially significant around 1500 since the heliacal ortho (the first appearance of a star on the eastern horizon after its period of invisibility), the 13 or May 14 Julian, was used as a calendric reference (city tour Cusco – half day).

We can highlight some terms that refer to elements, buildings or places of interest, which are scattered in various places of the ancient Inca Empire, such as:

1. Visit the Quipus: System of knotted ropes that served for the administration of the Empire, but were also used in appearance to carry astronomical accounts, whether for calendrical or predictive purposes (sacred valley tours).

2. Visit the Intihuatanas: Quechua: inti watana, “(place) where the sun is tied”. These are monolithic sculptures carved in stone, of variable dimensions but around 1 to 2 meters high and 2 meters in diameter. Its standard form starts from a base with different levels and, in some of them, in the upper part there is a cubic-looking salient where each of its faces suggests one of the main geographical directions: north, east, south and west. It seems that they were almost ubiquitous elements in the Inca cult centers and, in general, it is thought that one of their purposes was the determination of the dates of the Sun’s zenith passage.

3. Visit the Huacas: According to the pre-Columbian tradition, the huacas were elemntos that have their own personality (a construction, a mountain, a sculpture, etc.) and are part of the local pantheons of the Inca and pre-Inca cultures of ancient Peru, together with the other “major” Andean divinities, such as Wiracocha or Pachacamac.The close relationship between the Andean man and the huacas can attest to the large number of them that are scattered throughout the territory of Tahuantinsuyo (tour maras moay salineras or salt mines 1 day in the Sacred Valley of the Incas).

They were so important that, in some cases, they are still venerated today (trips to Machupicchu + Sacred Valley 2 days).

As a place of worship the huacas are also famous for being sites where offerings were placed (sacred valley). For this reason they were victims of systematic looting and destruction during the first years of the conquest of Peru (sixteenth century), both for its reputation for containing treasures, and for being the center of local religiosity in the provinces that made up the Tahuannisuyo (package of trips to Machu Piccu + Sacred Valley + Puno – Arequipa 8 days).

4. Visit the Temples of the Sun: Inti, the Sun God, was a divinity very venerated by the ancient Incas, hence in several cities of the ancient empire (Cusco, Vilcashuamán, Pisac or Ollantaytambo, Sacred Valley of the Incas, among others ) a sanctuary was erected in his honor. The Quechuas, the dominant people in the Inca Empire had Inti on the first rung of the celestial ladder. They were founded, then, Temples of the Sun in almost everything the places of the Empire where the power of the Inca was manifested, being the most important the one of traditional Cusco, called Coricancha. Inti was married to his sister, the Moon, with whom he shared equal status in the heavenly court. The Moon was known under the name of Mama Quilla (toursperumachupicchu.com).