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Machu Picchu Inca City

Visitas en su viaje a: Machu Picchu Inca City

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Machu Picchu Inca City: The entrance to the sacred city of Machu Picchu, costs in dollars or soles and must be purchased in the office of the ruins located in the main square of hot water. You can not buy up and use is valid for three days of purchase.

The ruins of Machu Picchu tours can be visited from six in the morning until 16:30 and deserves to be the first tourist to come to enjoy the view of the newly dawned city without anyone walking among the stones.

The ruins of Machu Picchu are very well kept, the grass is cut to the millimeter and every day dozens of workers engaged in cleaning every centimeter of the Inca citadel and remove weeds that may appear among the stones, but there is little explanation about what they are seeing the Inca city Machu Picchu.

The Inca city of Machu Picchu tours is 2438 meters above sea level, the area is about 500 meters long by 200 wide and has more than 170 buildings in its urban area. Architecturally it is divided into two sectors, the Hanan sector or high hurin sector and the industry sector or low depending on the social hierarchy who held their inhabitants in the Inca city Machu Picchu.

tours machu picchu la ciudad inca

1. Entry for visitors to Machu Picchu Tours:

At the main entrance of the complex we can find the stop for the buses going up and down every ten minutes to Aguas Calientes “town of Machu Picchu,” the Cusco Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge where you can spend the night or take a buffet for $ 78 before visit the resort and control of tickets to the Inca city Machu Picchu.

2. Old entrance of the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu:

The main gate of the city of Machu Picchu, very protected, was the only entrance to the city and is located in the southeastern part, the point where the classical or traditional Inca Trail ends and separation of the Agricultural Sector, out of town and the city after the great Dry Moat, that protected the citadel and received the water drained from the 129 channels extending through the urban area of ​​Machu Picchu Inca citadel.

The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu approximately 46 km long starts in Piskacucho, located at Kilometer 82 of the railway line and ends at Machu Picchu tours.

3. Starting point for Waynapicchu mountain:

Waynapicchu mountain is the mountain-shaped blade and a height of 2720 meters to the west side of the Inca city of Machu Picchu, visit between 7:00 to 14:00 and entry is limited to 500 people per day for visit.

4. Area homes and workshops in Machu Picchu tours:

Area homes and workshops in Machu Picchu toursEste to the left of the main entrance offers the best view of the city of Machu Picchu area. It was the area that received visitors from the city and the Inca Trail ended right there so many of the buildings were devoted to animal care and accommodation of visitors.

The most important of these buildings is called the vestibular, which had two floors. The other buildings were small workshops related to the quarry on the other side of the slope provided to citizens of Machu Picchu granite whitish necessary for the construction of buildings and for generating the gravel part of the ingenious system drainage preventing the accumulation of rainwater that has prevented the collapse of the city by hundreds of years of erosion caused by the large amount of rain that falls on Machu Picchu.

5. Place Machu Picchu Sacred Tours:

Sacred plaza of Machu Picchu ToursAbout overview of the sacred plaza makes one appreciate the great work of craftsmanship that held Incas in Machu Picchu. Around the square the most important buildings of the city are established. The main temple is an example of excellent work on the Inca stone with large blocks of stone perfectly polished and bonded together. This temple is divided into two rooms, one of which is now called the priest’s house and the other dedicated to the liturgy.

The Temple of the Three Windows, located at the northern end of the square is formed by three walls of polygonal stones and adobe roof was supported by a single stone pillar located in the central part of the temple. On the western side of the temple there is a carved stone allegorizes the three levels of the Inca world: Hanan Pacha (heaven), the Kay Pacha (the earth) and the Ukju-Pacha (underground). Temple of the Three Windows.

6. Intihuatana at Machu Picchu Tours:

Intihuatana at Machu Picchu Tours: The Intiwatana is for the Incas where it is moored in the sun in Machu Picchu is located at the top of the call sacred hill formed by the vertical towards several terraces polygonal base. The Intiwatana, with east and west orientation with vertices directed towards the four cardinal points is the cornerstone of a system of astronomical measurements to determine the effect of light and shadow dates of start and end of the crop seasons.

The Intiwatana was the main part of the celebration of Inti Raymi or sun festival that was celebrated when the sun was farther from the earth and that was to tie the Intiwatana to avoid to leave forever.

7. Sacred Stone of Machu Picchu tours:

Located in an enclosure in front of the Waynapicchu mountain on the western side of the citadel, the sacred stone three meters high and 7 meters base resting on a stone pedestal fulfilled ritual functions related to the Inca mountain spirits. It is also the starting point of the road to Waynapicchu mountain.

8. Cover Area Machu Picchu Three tours:

Three area covers Toursel Machu Picchu district covers the three named for the three major fields arranged symmetrically and interconnected overlooking the main square is an area of ​​great expansion of the city used by their citizens for rooms, warehouses or any another function of only utilitarian character.

9. main square of Machu Picchu tours:

The main square makes this west axis in the division between Hanan and Hurin neighborhoods and serve as a point of social gatherings and everyday life of the city.

10. Industrial Zone in Machu Picchu tours:

Industrial zone, ingenuity or group of mortars sector latter name received by one of the rooms, which has two round mortars carved in stone, was the part of town where leather work, weaving, and pottery were made fine craftsmanship.

It is the largest area of ​​the city which was accessible only through a double wooden door secured. Another theory suggests that mortars were used to, full of water, reflecting the stars and to be easily observed by the Incas astrologers.

11. Dependencies prison in Machu Picchu tours:

Prison units are related to the Temple of the Condor and ritual acts that corrective punishments for which there were several niches where the punished tied to make them stay there for long periods of time was introduced. For the punishment whips, niches were closed with wooden doors locked only allowed to breathe and eat.

12. Zone Condor Machu Picchu tours:

Condor area of ​​Machu Picchu Temple of the Condor Toursel was a sacred place built to worship Apu Kuntur, the Condor God. The temple was built using the contours of the rocks with stone walls give it a labyrinth whose lower part is a sculpture in the shape of a condor with some caves with evidences of ritual use.

In the courtyard of the condor, opposite the temple there remains indicating the possibility that condors to grow up. The homes located south were reserved for the elite of Inca society providing private access to one of the sources of the citadel.

13. Royal residence of Machu Picchu tours:

The royal residence is dedicated to building housing the largest city and therefore which has more luxuries and amenities including a bathroom with drainage, rooms with terraces and stables. The access door to the residence given to the first source of the city from a spring in the heights of Cerro Machu Picchu and the steps along which runs a system of 16 artificial waterfalls that leads to the temple of the sun.

14. Sun Temple of Machu Picchu tours:

Sun temple of Machu Picchu Toursel Sun Temple is built on a large rounded stone from where it dominates the whole of the citadel, it has a semicircular shape in its front wall and the rear wall closes the complex with a double wooden door secured with rings stone.

The circular wall with two trapezoidal windows is oriented to the northeast forming, together with the center stone of the temple, a solar observatory. The stone altar located in the center of the temple served for ritual slaughter of animals in which the priest read the future in the viscera.

The Royal Tomb is located in a small cave beneath the Temple of the Sun and is formed by a huge block of stone that also supports the weight of the temple it keeps several niches that could house the mummies of high officials of the Empire, but none was found by Bingham expeditions.