Tours Peru Machu Picchu Sanctuary: This located 120 km NW of Cuzco over Urubamba River valley (the name taken in this area the Vilcanota River), in the mountains of Vilcabamba, the Inca citadel Machu Picchu is one of the largest in the world and is the main tourist destination of Peru archaeological sites. Few works made by man show so much harmony with the natural environment as the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu and the surrounding archaeological sites as huaynapicchu or waynapicchu, Choquequirao trek, Vilcabamba trek, qosqo huchuy, etc (Tours Peru Machu Picchu).
The archaeological site is strategically located in the summit of the mountain Inca Machu Picchu (in Quechua, “old mountain or greater monte ‘), which gives to the citadel the name and the spectacular landscape framework we’ve all seen photographed. Facing it the summit of huaynapicchu or waynapicchu (“young mountain) whose summit and slopes Inca ruins are also located is imposing up. Both summits are bordered by the rushing Urubamba (Sacred Valley of the Incas) River, which runs gunpoint, bound eastward about 400 m below the level of the Inca citadel of Tours Peru Machu Picchu.
Tours Machu Picchu was scientifically discovered by the American anthropologist Hiram Bingham, a professor at Yale University, on July 24, 1911, led by Cuzco peasant Melchor Arteaga, who had already located the ruins empirically. Years ago, in 1875, Charles Wiener francoaustríaco researcher tried to find the citadel, old cocks interested dazzling legends about “lost Inca city of Machu Picchu” in that area. Bingham, who conducted detailed studies of the ruins in 1912, 1914 and 1915, believed at first that he had discovered Tamputocco, the mythical birthplace of the founders of the Inca empire. Then he felt that he had discovered Vilcabamba La Vieja or perhaps Vitcos, sacred city of the Incas and their descendants rebels after the Spanish conquest (Tours Peru Machu Picchu).
More recent studies consider that Machu Picchu would have been built during the Conquest mysteriously until some time before, during the Inca imperial apogee (between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries), to perform functions related to the worship of their principal deities. By careful design and technical quality of its construction, it is clearly not belonged to an ethnic group or lower was aimed at low-ranking characters (Tours Peru Machu Picchu). And because of its location, which enjoys double panoramic view, towards the exit and towards sunset, you may worship solar rites there and even astrological observations were made. The Citadel is difficult to access but no fortifications or other features of military. The objects found there and the presence of human remains, the vast majority women, reinforcing the view that it would be a sanctuary, perhaps erected in honor of the Inca Pachacutec, who saved cuzquenos chanca invasion and began the Inca expansion to the Peruvian jungle (Tours Peru Machu Picchu).
Machu Picchu in Peru tours is possible to distinguish two distinct areas: agricultural, comprising a vast network of paths and artificial terraces, and urban, in turn divided into a sacred area (temples, monuments, burial chambers) and other civil (rooms, different precincts, silos). As the only arable land that exists in the place is one that has been brought to the platforms, it is thought that he should not have a large population throughout the year. Perhaps it was a sanctuary or memorial building that came VIPs and groups of pilgrims in certain seasons (Tours Peru Machu Picchu). There are no indications that there remained hidden or ignored during the conquest, as this valley, known as Tampu region, was under the control of “trustees” and “magistrates” Spaniards. It is estimated that Machu Picchu was falling into disrepair and oblivion in a later period, between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It has not been determined whether or not it was, at some point, refuge of the Incas rebels (Tours Peru MachuPicchu).
The buildings of Machu Picchu show an amazing mastery of space and the techniques used to work the stone. Studies show that was built as a whole simultaneously and without interruption. Carved stone blocks used in its walls fit perfectly with each other, making it impossible to introduce among them the head of a pin. Among the most interesting architectural enclosures are those called the Royal Tomb (near the gateway to the Inca citadel), the Sun Temple, the Tower (the only circular structure), the Priestly Mansion, Temple of the Three Windows, the Central Temple, Sunken Plaza and the sources and channels that form the so-called Baños del Inca. Hydraulic canals and stairways, made entirely of stone, are other characteristic elements of the citadel. There, finally, monoliths of great ritual importance, among which the Intihuatana (in Quechua, “where the sun is tied), considered a sundial (Tours Peru MachuPicchu).
The beauty of the landscape surrounding Machu Picchu adds to its archaeological importance. The lush cloud forests covering steep slopes and mountains are a refuge for countless species of wild flora, among which are beautiful orchids, bromeliads and ferns (Tours Peru MachuPicchu). These forests are also home to the elusive Andean bear or ucumari (Tremaretos ornatus), the cock of the rock (rupicola peruviana), the quetzal (Pharomacrus auriceps) and sachacabra or dwarf deer (Pudu mepbistopheles). It was not until 1934 that the road leading from the town of Aguas Calientes up to the hostel was built the same year. In 1981 the state created the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu on a total of 35 592 hectares, in order to preserve the archaeological tan¬to as exceptional scenery (Tours Peru MachuPicchu).
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu and trekking routes as alternative Salkantay trek to Machu Picchu, Inca jungle trek to Machu Picchu, Lares trek to Machu Picchu, Choquequirao trek to Machu Picchu, Vilcabamba, etc (Tours Peru MachuPicchu).
Adjacent to the citadel of Machu Picchu:
Intipunko – Machu Picchu
The call Portada del Sol is located about 5 km (1 h walk) of Machu Picchu, climbing gently through a well maintained paved road that connects to the SE end of the citadel. The road that connects it to Machu Picchu is actually the last part of the famous Inca Trail from the site of Wiñaywayna (Tours Peru MachuPicchu). Due to its strategic location from which the Urubamba River valley dominates, with unusual views of the snowy peaks of the rainforest, many hikers leave Wiñaywayna early in order to wait in Inti Punko sunrise that, with its first rays illuminate the citadel, produces an unforgettable view (Tours Peru MachuPicchu).
huaynapicchu or waynapicchu – Tours Peru Machu Picchu:
We all know the unmistakable silhouette of the great mountain to Machu Picchu has become a global icon, but few have risen by rock cliffs to enjoy the unique view of the citadel. A well-marked trail end portion of Machu Picchu NO. There the traveler will find a control booth, where a ranger will ask for your personal data. The route is open from 7 h. An important tip: Do not start the walk after 1pm as it runs the risk of spending the night outdoors. After the control, the trail ascends a ridge that links the mountains Machu and Huayna. The path is steep and somewhat risky, with large stone steps and deep chasms, so if you are in good physical condition is better not undertake it. The road to the summit takes between 30 min and 2 h, depending on the experience of the traveler. Near the top a watchtower and some platforms will amaze its unusual location (Tours Peru Machupicchu).
The Temple of the Moon – Tours Peru Machu Picchu:
It is one of the most interesting and least known of the archaeological park places. It was called Tem¬plo moon to be discovered in 1936. It is a building of two bodies carved on a huge rock cavern. Scholars agree that the niches carved into its interior are of extraordinary craftsmanship (more than enough reason to visit). You reach it by taking a trail that starts from the first third of the way to the hill huaynapicchu or waynapicchu, a few hundred meters down into the canyon of the Urubamba (Sacred Valley) (Tours Peru MachuPicchu).
The Inca bridge – Tours Peru Machu Picchu
An easy walk but reserved for those who do not suffer from vertigo high. The Inca bridge is actually part of the paved road that departs from Machu Picchu towards the O. Here, considered of strategic importance for the defense of the citadel, the in¬cas left a space of about 6 m carved on the wall of a cliff. Empty space, projecting 600 m into the gorge, is completed by a pair of wooden logs as a bridge. When danger threatened the settlement with just remove the logs became impregnable this sector of Machu Picchu. You reach it by taking the path of the upper end of the ruins (next to the weather station). It takes about 1 hour (round trip) (Tours Peru Machu Picchu).
Wiñaywayna – Tours Peru Machu Picchu:
It is possible to walk the last stretch of the trail to one of the most beautiful and important archaeological sites in the area. While it takes between 6 and 7 pm requires physical fitness, it is a good opportunity to enjoy the experience of meeting the Inca Trail when not have the 3 days full travel demand. After leaving the citadel to Intipunko (see Intipunko), you should continue going down a steep section to the E. In the background, to the left, you will see the visitor center Wiñaywayna and, just behind, find the ruins same name. The route offers interesting scenery and the chance to see the abundant flora and fauna. An attractive alternative return is down across the trail that starts from the visitor center to the Urubamba River and the site of Choquesuysuy to finally return to Aguas Calientes by the railway (Tours Peru Machu Picchu).
Access roads from Cuzco to Machu Picchu tours:
II nearest village is famous ruins at Machu Picchu, formerly Aguas Calientes (pueblo of machupicchu).