Tours Machu Picchu and Huaynapicchu their Stairs: In the limited space the houses were closely apretuja¬das, but a set of stairs and steps cut into the rock made it relatively easy communication within the city walls. Of course, perhaps the most outstanding feature of Machu Picchu is the amount of stairs, which are counted over one hundred large and small. Moreover, some had only three or four steps, while another fifty to one hundred. In several cases the entire set of six, eight or even ten steps was carved from a single rock. The stairs that connect the various agricultural terraces follow the natural slope of the hill, even if this is so abrupt as to make them appear more like a ladder than a succession of steps. In several sites it had a small garden shoes no more than eight feet square, within terraced houses occupied room. In order to make these small terraced gardens were accessible, the Incas built a fantastic stairs just wide enough to allow passage of a child. However, within the city, and particularly in the streets or narrow streets, stairways were built with a comfortable gradient.
The ladder or series of steps, such as ornamental or cere¬monial reason within the Inca architecture, there seems to have been used, although it may well arise in this location. In the ruins of a monolithic front in Tiwanaku, Bolivia; in a curious carved Concacha near Abancay, Peru stone, and in the famous carved rock called Kkenko, near Cusco, there are small steps that were performed for ceremonial or ornamental purposes and not good for practical use so far we can see. The Machu Picchu, on the other hand, no other except that one, appear to be designed to reach all locations, where access would be difficult in another way. Although more numerous than necessary, none of them seems pointless, even today. The longest, which can be described as the main artery of the city, starting at the top of the ridge on the terrace by the road which penetrates the walls, and, roughly dividing the city into two parts, runs all the way up the insurmountable cliffs of the northeast slope.
The main artery in the heart of the city was formed in part by the granite staircase hundred fifty steps and was the site of the main aqueducts.
WATER SUPPLY – MACHU PICCHU TOURS AND Huaynapicchu
As usual, the Incas were pretty good job proporcio¬narse adequate water. There are many springs in the vicinity of the Machu Picchu mountain a mile from the heart of the city. The small ditch or canal that brings water from these springs can still follow along the creeping slope, for a considerable distance. It was partly destroyed by landslides, but can be seen while running along a major agricultural terraces, cross the dry moat by a fragile stone aqueduct, passes under the mu ro of the city through a narrow crack less than six inches wide and follows along one of the terraces to the first of the series of fountains or small stone basins located near the main staircase. The first four are south of that ladder. About a quarter ladder is divided into two rows of steps. At this point begins a series of twelve. The canal runs south from the ultimate source and empties into the pit.
Basins ladder sources are usually cut from a single block of granite placed at ground level of the small room where women come to fill their jugs narrow necks. Often one or two small niches on the side walls of the enclosure as shelves or possibly for a cup for bottle caps made of fiber or twisted bundles of grass were built. Sometimes there is a cut in the stone edge of the duct to make a small pipe to drop by clear water wall fountain lip. In other cases, the water passes through a narrow hole enough to reach the opening of the jar without the carrier drawers of water in the basin force. In times of shortage, however, we are confident that this latter method was the one that was used and that the reason for the sixteen basin was not only allow many pots were filled at once, but to prevent drop was lost precious liquid. The canal is narrower than any other I have seen, as it has usually less than four inches wide.
Small stone basins have about thirty inches long by eighteen wide and five six of depth. In some places as much those around the enclosure floor sources are made from a single slab of granite. Sometimes holes were practiced in a corner of the basin to allow water to flow through pipes under the floor carefully drilled until the next basin below. In case of need these holes could easily cover to allow the basin fill. The conduc¬tos sometimes run and sometimes under the stairs next. Perhaps worth noting that modern bathrooms Peruvians call to those sources, but I do not think they were used for that purpose. Because charging air, cold and fast radiation, even Anglos often bathe in the highlands of Peru, and the mountain Indians today would ever do not. It so hard to assume that the builders of Machu Picchu had used the river for this purpose. Moreover, the Incas were fond facilitate the work of the drawers of water and provide them nicely built fuen¬tes. It is possible that one of the reasons for leaving Machu Picchu as a place of residence was difficult to get enough water. In the dry season provided little springs just the amount needed to cook and drink forty or fifty Indian workers and us. In earlier times, when the mountainside was more wooded, springs undoubtedly provided greater amount, but deforestation following the continued occupation and landslides and erosions from ever increasing surface soil, the sources should be given as little water at certain times to force the inhabitants of the city to bring the liquid in large jugs who brought back from considerable distances.
It is significant that of the sherds found near the gate of the city, were forty-one vessels for water, four cookers, nine cases to drink and no dish. Clearly, here chicha vendors parked. The results are more striking if compared with the findings in the southeastern square, where almost as many food sources such as jugs were found.
GARDENS – PERU Machu Picchu and Huaynapicchu
The largest within the city limits in plain site encuen¬tra marshland at the widest part of the ridge. Este¬ is carefully graded and filling and at the time of our visit was seen not long ago cultivated by Richarte and friends. Indeed, one would have to walk miles a lot of the Urubamba canyon to discover a “pampa” of similar size to a rise of no less than seven thousand or ten thousand feet. In other words, this small pampa offered a rare opportunity to plant the crops used as blooming in Yucay and Ollantaytambo people. The fact that it was for them may also cover the adjacent slope with artificial terraces to increase the potential of the region as a producer of food, was certainly such an important site selection as the ease factor which offered it to convert a pode¬rosa citadel or a holy shrine. One of the most carefully constructed stairs leading directly to the main temples of the small pampa. It may have been one in which grew huilca, the huilcapampa. There is only one door to the city. The north side, or Huaynapicchu, he was not defended by a transverse wall, but by high and narrow terraces built on small protrusions that might otherwise have supported the walk on the cliffs. Near these terraces there is a wide depression that connects Machu Picchu with a conical hill that is part of the ridge that leads to the steep heights of Huaynapicchu. South of the depression, which was once covered with dense forest, is a rough amphitheater. He has been filling and there are five or six different levels recently used for plantations peque¬ñas Indians. These may have been the special gardens or gardens to grow food for the rulers. In the soil surface in boxes through corn, squash and onion, occasionally discover some ceramics.