Tours Machu Picchu and Huaynapicchu Temple of the Sun Group: The highest of the sources is a remarkable group should be called the Temple of the Sun of the Incas, since its main building shows a striking resemblance to the well-known like temple Cusco. This was the first really fine building I saw on my visit when this old sanctuary Machu Picchu had to be enlarged to welcome the priests and other servants of the last Inca and Chosen Women who sought refuge here in the days of Pizarro. At the opposite end of the square, the East, are the ruins of the most significant building of all, the Temple of the Three Windows in Machu Picchu.
Its walls, like those of the main temple, only cover three sides and the fourth is open to the Sacred Plaza Machu Picchu, with the sole exception that a single monolithic pillar for supporting the roof of the building, file not found anywhere else structure of Huaynapicchu Inca city. The building had a roof ridge, whose stones in the end were larger than usual, but, nevertheless, put on clay instead of each other roads. As in the main temple, cyclopean blocks were used in the bottom row, and the terms of the side walls forming obtuse angles instead of being perpendicular. Also the point of the angle contains a planned cavity, no doubt to allow the admission of the end of the roof. The top of the monolithic pillar, positioned midway between the two chambers, had notches.
In order to build this structure the architect was forced to make a foundation for the eastern wall leading down to the level of the next terrace. For this he used four large stones and built a wall eleven feet from the terrace rises to the level of a window lintel. The lintel of each window as a part- cyclopean polygonal block. The temple walls are of blocks, some of them quite irregular, but all white granite choice and beautifully worked. This granite may have been extracted from a quarry in the immediate vicinity.
TEMPLE OF THE SUN GROUP
The highest of the sources is a remarkable group should be called the Temple of the Sun, since its main building shows a striking resemblance to the well-known like Temple of Cusco. This was the first really fine building I saw in my original visit. At that time I could not see the wall attached to the semicircular temple. After we clean the wall we find that the most skilled master mason of his time was built here the wall more beauty that you can see in America, built in the shape of square and linking the temple with what may have been the home of priest.
The effect is softer and pleasant, though less splendid than that of marble temples of the Old World. Here is an example of the remarkable skill of the Inca architects. As this wall was built, apparently, with the utmost care by an artist who wanted to make it a permanent thing of beauty, it was necessary not having cracks, never the joints between the blocks fitted tightly in Machu tours Picchu opened. However, at the southern end of the wall he was the priest’s house, two-story mansion and a half, the second of which opens onto a terrace holding beautiful wall, while downstairs gives the next lower terrace. With the course of time this house, the attic was entirely above the level of the beautiful wall, tend to separate from the wall, opening the joints. Accordingly, the adjusted ingeniously mason blocks in the point where the greatest effort could occur, design alternating between a virtually rectangular block with hooks hear containing stone and thus making a number of connections that would prevent the pieces from sliding, to prevent the house is apparent from its ornamental wall in Machu Picchu tours. The result was happy. Although this is a land of frequent earthquakes and builders use no cement or metal ties, each block is inserted so closely with its neighbor, there is no place to stick a pin between the stones. They join and remain as tightly as the glass top on a bottle of the same material. Friction and perfect fit made the miracle of Machu Picchu tours.
The top of the big rock on which rests the semicircular building is carved in the form of seats or stone platforms. It was probably an altar to place offerings or sacrificial site for offerings that are incinerated in Huaynapicchu.
When subject to high temperature the surface of granite boulders, it will flake around the point where the highest heat is applied. A review of the top of the rock that occupies most of the space of the semicircular temple can see that at one time was applied an extraordinary amount of heat rise in Machu Picchu and Huaynapicchu tours. The total absence of ashes or coals indicates that this happened a long time ago, probably many years before the advent of the first modern Indians. It is difficult to point the shelling if it is due to repeated fires or one in which the fuel is often renewed, and it is impossible to believe that the damage caused the ignition of a current thatched roof. If it were not that the upper ranks of the temple suggests the former presence of a roof, one might assume that it was precisely a place for offerings designed to burn.
In this temple there are three windows in Machu Picchu, two of which look over the valley and each has about two feet high. They are decorated with four projections, one at each end of the lintel and the sill. These may have been media on which hung the golden ornaments associated with the Sun Temple. No others like them.
The third window of the temple is bigger than the others and provides little basis to think and meditate. It would be what archaeologists call commonly problematic. Her beautiful monolithic lintel is cracked by the heat of the fires that were lit long before our visit, and part has been dropped, reinforcing the impression that was no small conflagration that devastated the temple. This window sill is very unusual, and is interrupted by two rows of steps that face each other. Egos steps contain a small maze of holes and also some very small passages or channels of less than one inch in diameter leading to cut blocks inside the wall cavities Machu Picchu tours. The openings of these tubes vary in size; some reach two inches in diameter. Other similar holes do not lead anywhere and several steps show less noticeable openings. In the Sun Temple of Cusco, now Dominican monastery, I noticed holes like these. They are in a part of the wall it can not be more widely examined. It is possible that these holes were planned to facilitate the display of gold plates or ornaments del Sol, which, according to the early writers, were displayed in those temples.
Account Sarmiento, the conqueror, in his History of the Incas, some well-educated native told him when he asked for information about their traditions, that “as Pachacuti Yupanqui was curious about the old things and wanted to perpetuate his name, the Inca was Tamputocco personally or Paccaritampu hill, both names used for the same place, and went into the cave from which certain that Manco Capac and his brothers came when they went to Cusco for the first time was had … After make a clean inspection, he venerated the town and showed their feelings through festivals and sacrifices. He placed golden gates in Ccapactocco window and ordered that from then on, the town would be revered by all, making it a leak of prayer and huaca to beg for oracles and sacrifice. Done, the Inca returned to Cuzco. “
There is no evidence that ever were to Paccaritampu Sarmiento. We did, but we found ruins that respond to the requirements of this highly venerated site. Moreover, the window that golden gates placed easily have been this ceremonial window in the semicircular temple of Machu Picchu.