Altitude sickness and altitude sickness Peru Tours Machu Micchu: It is undeniable persistence of the Andes across the country and, with this, it is undeniable that a good number of tourist activities taking place in Peru are practiced is these scenarios; either as climbing and all its expressions as skiing, contemplative activities, sports, and others in Peru. In the country of Peru, within 4,200 kilometers of Andes you can find 38 mountains over 6,000 meters above sea level, more than 2,000 volcanoes, ski resorts and a variety of towns that exceed altitudes considered “normal” as trips to the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, trekking machupicchu, travel Salkantay trek to Machu Picchu, travel Lares trek to Machu Picchu, Inca travel to jungle trek to Machu Picchu, choquequirao travel trek to Machu Picchu tours , travel to Vilcabamba trek ausangate travel, etc.
Any exposure to altitude level generated mixed reactions to the human body depend on a number of factors, including genetics, usual to visit areas of altitude, customs of nutrition, hydration and consumption of snuff; but the trend is the presence of a number of unpleasant symptoms and even hazardous to health known as Acute Mountain Mal, Puna or Soroche and altitude sickness at Machu Picchu Tours Peru.
On the other hand, the tourist experience is directly related to the sensations perceived at the destination, it is how the highlands can be a blocker visit item should be mismanaged, particularly in cases where tourists are not informed about human physiology in height and are surprised with dizziness, vomiting and headache. Education related to high altitude physiology and management of tourist sensations are key to improving customer satisfaction and achieve a position of the destination in Peru Tours Machu Picchu.PREVIOUS CONSIDERATIONS in Soroche and Altitude Sickness Tours Machu Picchu in Peru The Atmosphere
The atmosphere is the layer of air surrounding the Earth, which rotates with it and allowing life to develop on the planet (Elias & Castellvi, 2001), this layer is a mixture of gases under suspension force of gravity exerted by the planet’s mass, its upper limit is estimated at about 1000 km altitude, however, it is important to consider that the highest point on earth, Mount Everest, is located at a height slightly less than 9 kilometers plus all weather events will occur in the first 20 kilometers, which contain 90% of the mass of the atmosphere (Elias & Castellvi, 2001), that is why the part that interests the man is these first 2% of the total composition of the atmosphere.
Within this “important part” worth mentioning that the proportion of gases mixed in it is constant, with four major gases. Nitrogen (78.1%), oxygen (20.9%), argon (0.9%) and carbon (0.03%) (Elias & Castellvi, 2001) dioxide.
Finally, in terms of chronic hypoxia, a process of acclimatization (not accommodating) where prolonged exposure to altitude produces an increase in the number of red blood cells through the release of erythropoietin hormone (Wilmore occurs & Costill, 2010), this permits, in the short term, a considerable improvement in the transport of oxygen and the oxygen available, reducing the need for hyperventilation and increased heart rate.
It is noteworthy, then, that the product of hypoxia signs primaros produce some alterations in the body, causing unpleasant sensations for people undergoing rapid ascents, according to Navarro (2000) can, at least, include the following:
- Headache: one of the first symptoms, especially in the early morning hours, with continuous headaches and achieve decreased with common painkillers.
- Altered level of consciousness: The reduction in the amount of oxygen received by brain cells produce alterations such as agitation, disorientation, lethargy and even commas.
- Vomiting: vomiting explosives are sometimes associated with headaches.
- Pupillary changes: changes to the reaction to light and partial absence of voluntary eye movement.
- Altitude Sickness Prevention Tours Machu Picchu in Peru
No doubt the best prevention for altitude sickness is progressive and subjective acclimatization, considering that each person may react differently and therefore there is no “single formula” to acclimatize (Murcia, 2001).
Experience shows that the only way not to suffer from acute mountain sickness and its consequences is the slow climb to high places, as the sportsman mountain community called “technical jaggies”, which is the rise in the day and decrease at night to sleep in a place more pressure oxygen; However, in real terms, this is vaguely applied for acclimatization times are long, an estimated four thousand meters a person with no previous experience in height will be delayed ten days to acclimatize to 80% (Schimelpfening & Lindsey, 2000).
However, there are some facts that are recommended to enhance the process of acclimatization and reduce the symptoms of AMS (Schimelpfening & Lindsey, 2000):
- Make progressive advancement and possibly slow.
- Avoid heavy meals.
- Staying hydrated before and during the stay in altitude.
- Stop the rise as soon as symptoms appear.
- However, any acclimatization for access to areas of high altitude, ie, above 5,000 meters, should be very careful and planned, considering factors rise and gradual decline as well as a diet rich in carbohydrates and active before and during hydration ascent
Altitude sickness altitude sickness and Tours Machu Picchu in Peru
As stated previously, the tourist experience will not only depend on the development of tourism products of excellence associated with additional services, but also will depend on the type of segment to which it is pointing, and in general we can say that the disadvantages , disturbances and even dangers, are part of the full experience of the tourist in mountain, however, this does not mean that tourists are often unaware of these dangers to which we mean going from a “take a risk” to “risk uninformed “; Of course, visitors should be informed, alerted and sensitized about the visitation surrounding offshore areas (Hamilton & McMillan, 2004) elements to avoid unpleasant surprises and prevent deterioration of the tourist experience.
This makes sense from the explanations of human physiology height that occurred, where, as a tourist is warned of the consequences of rapid ascents can assume or not buying a package tour of these conditions, which can add the recommendations to be given in the management of altitude sickness and its symptoms, however, unlike the case in which the tourist is not noticed and, at destination feel all the discomfort associated with altitude (dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, leading to vomiting and diarrhea, headache, etc.) upset stomach.
The same applies in the ski resorts of altitude above 2,000 meters, which are well above the average height of European centers as well as above the maximum altitude of many of the countries of origin of visitors to the centers (eg, the highest point in Brazil is the Pico da Neblina, with 2,994 meters), in this case the altitude is not as extreme as in the north, but definitely in some places as “Three Points” (3670 ) or Valle Nevado, La Parva, the 3560 meters at the end of the chairlift “The Eagles”, trips to Machu Picchu, hiking the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, Inca Jungle Trail to Machu Picchu, the Sacred Valley of the Incas , walks choquequirao, affect the performance and ride of tourists, which should be warned before starting the ascent to these places.
Finally, if the Peruvian tourism industry aims to sell experiences and Chile aims, moreover, to position itself as a tourist destination by nature, then you should make efforts both to generate an adequate promotion of natural spaces and also to educate tourism entrepreneurs on ways to better address the problems of visits to areas of high altitudes; thus improving the tourist experience in Machu Picchu tours, salkantay tours, tours dollars, tours Inca Trail, Inca jungle trek tours, etc. and thus making an investment in the medium and long term, where tourists will be able to revisit the destination as well as recommend others do so at Machu Picchu Tours Peru.
In that sense it is imperative that the authorities and managers of tourism intercede for educating non-specialized buying tour packages sectors of large geographic heights where only it is necessary to inform about the possible physical consequences of the visit and indicate the importance to tourists proper diet intake of alcohol before starting the journey either to the destination.
To date, there have been various studies on the effects of altitude on tourist areas of considerable height enPerue, including groups of adults and children, however, many of its findings are not socialized to the community of tour operators, planners and hoteliers, which has meant that, overall, the “administration” of the effects of altitude on tourists has been very poor, also undermining the tourist experience and perception of the attractiveness of the country of Peru tours Machu Picchu.