Region Cusco – Tours Peru: In the city of Cusco is located in central and south eastern Peru. It occupies much of the orographic knot of Vilcanota. its diversity and the abrupt changes in landscape and ecosystem are mainly associated with the Andes. If it did not exist, Cusco and Peru in general, would be tropical locations (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Living Region Cusco Tours:
- 72.104 Km2
Topography Cusco Region Tours:
Their relief presents the Eastern Central Cordillera of the Andes and originating in the Nudo de Vilcanota. The Cordillera Oriental is subdivided into three branches: Vilcanota, Vilcabamba, Paucartambo. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The Andean region presents aspects of high mountains, high plateaus and highlands, extensive pampas lined deep gorges why you run gunpoint rivers, forming valleys and canyons, the most important being processed by Paucartambo, Urubamba and Apurimac rivers. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
In the high forest, the descent from the highest to the lowest parts of the Cusco territory offers a wide variety of lush vegetation, where reigns the warm continental climate. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
altitudinal Cusco Tours:
- Rupa Rupa.
Phenomena Geographic Region Cusco Tours:
Climate Cusco Region Tour:
- Varied due to the diversity of altitudinal.?
- In the lowest (2,000 meters down) parts are given the most varied types of warm climates.
- Interandinos floors in a temperate climate.
- In the intermediate floors the weather is mild.
- In the highest parts (3 700 m. Or more) is dominated by cold temperatures.
Limits of Cusco Region Tour:
- To the North With the jungles of Junín and Ucayali
- By the West with jungle of Ayacucho and Apurimac saw
- By the south with the highlands of Arequipa and Puno
- On the east by the great Amazonian plain of Madre de Dios.
Distances and paths the region Cusco Tour in his travels in Peru:
From the city of Lima: 1153 km to the city of Cusco.. Access to Cusco is as follows:
Travel by land – Cusco – Peru:
- Lima tour – tour Arequipa – Cusco tour: 1 650 Km (26 hours by car)..
- Lima tour tour Nasca – Puquio tour – tour Abancay – Cusco tour: 1 131 Km (20 hours by car)..
- tour Puno – Cusco tour: 389 km (07 hours by car).
Air travel – Cusco – Peru:
- trips Regular flights from Lima (1 hour) and from Arequipa (30 minutes)
- tours Puerto Maldonado (30 minutes) to the city of Cusco.
Rail travel – Cusco – Peru:
- Regular service: tours Puno – Cusco tours: 384 Km (10 hours)..
BRIEF HISTORY OF CUSCO TOURS
More than 3000 years old the support to be considered as the current America’s oldest city. Cusco, and its cultural and geographical diversity, have suffered and enjoyed avatars through the years, which have become a center of study and the country’s most important tourist center. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Opinions differ as to the first settlers of the city. Some say it was the people of Marcavalle, or Sawasiras tribes, Antasayas and Wallas, which formerly inhabited the valley. Others are based on Inca mythology, which gives Manko Qhapaq and Pachakuteq the founding of the city. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
There is no certainty for any of the two positions; what does exist is a lot of pre-ceramic samples that support the antiquity title assigned to the city. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Pre-ceramic corresponding to the Men of Yauri and Chumbivilcas with an approximate age of 5,000 a.c. years, the pastors of Canas in Chawaytiri and the Men of Qorqa, dedicated to farm and grazing. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
In the Formative period, the city began to be inhabited Watanay Valley or Valley of Cusco. In the sedentary period, to 1000 years B.C., Marcavalle was the place chosen to settle. This city was located on the eastern side of the city, and had a population of farmers and herdsmen poorly organized. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Around 800 years B.C., Chanapata culture developed, and the 600 years d.c. Qotakalli, which was the first region in the system implanted Regional States was created. Subsequently, a result of the invasion Wari. It was created the regional state of Killki in 800 D.C. Profit and around 1000 d. C. The start of the Inca civilization was in the 1200s d.c. and its expansion phase in 1400 d.c. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
What follows is a familiar story, the November 15, 1533, the Spaniards arrived and with them the fall of the empire, and an abrupt irruption culture that moved the capital to Lima. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
But fighting spirits did not travel to the new capital, on the contrary, remained in Cusco. One of the main expressions of this spirit was lifting Manko Inka, which lasted from 1536 to 1572, when he was defeated and executed the last member of the Incan dynasty. Tupac Amaru I. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
But we can not forget the biggest precursor of the Peruvian independence, Tupac Amaru II Jose Gabriel Tupac Amaru or Inga who, in 1780, launched a new rebellion that undoubtedly marked the most significant precedent against the Spanish regime in America. Unfortunately, a betrayal was the cause of his defeat and execution with his family in the Plaza Mayor in the same city where he was born. The precedent had sunk, and was followed by Mateo Pumacahua and the Angulo brothers, who led another rebellion between 1814 and 1815. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Finally, in 1821, the result of the incessant struggles and integrated South American support, Peru won its independence from Spain. And for 1933, Cusco was declared the “Archaeological Capital of South America” by the Americanist Congress held in Argentina. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
But not only the rebellions rocked the city, but so did the power of nature, with an earthquake 7th in 1950, he left standing only a quarter of its original buildings. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
However, because of the great cultural and historical magnificence, Cusco received numerous samples worldwide recognition, as given in 1978 by the 7th. Convention World Mayors of Cities, held in Milan – Italy, who declared Cusco as the “World Cultural Heritage”. UNESCO, meanwhile, awarded him in 1983 the title of “Cultural Heritage”. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The Peru not far behind, and December 22, 1983, recognized the portent of its Andean interior with a law declaring the city of Cusco as “Cultural Heritage of the Nation” and “Tourist Capital of Peru”. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
TEMPLE KORICANCHA – CUSCO CITY TOUR:
It was one of the most revered and respected temples in the city. “The gold room” as he was known, was a sacred place where pleitesía surrendered to the maximum Inca god: INTI, so they could only enter fasting, barefooted and with a load on his back in humility, as it indicated the high priest Wilaq Umo. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The front was a beautiful wall from the finest stone, decorated only by a continuous band of pure gold a palm high, three meters above the ground, and a roof fine and delicately cut straw. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
In one of the blocks of the second row three holes that could be used to evacuate the rain water in the inner courtyard, or output of chicha was offered as an offering observed. According to the experiments of Augustus Leon Barandiarán, if you hit into the holes you can hear the musical notes “re”, “the” and “me.” (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The stones that make up the temple have a slight padding on the sides that express the sober aesthetics of the Incas. Formerly there was no triangular atrium that serves as entrance to the colonial church and the wall turned at right angles to the Ahuacpinta street, which still retains a section of the original wall of nearly sixty meters long. On the opposite side of this street, the wall is curved to turn over 90 degrees, and continues with a gentle curve that was cut during the construction of the temple. The Koricancha wall crowned system platforms leading down to the river. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Composition of Koricancha – Cusco City Tour:
The base of the Inca composition for the construction of the temple, was the court, courtyard around which several rectangular enclosures were arranged. The first one was with Intipampa, containing the main buildings of worship of the sun and other gods of the Inca pantheon; while in the second located in front of the square he was worshiped Punchao, (a representation of the Sun which consisted of a statue of pure gold, the height of a ten years) who stayed there during the day and at night was taken to the square for veneration. Idol “slept” accompanied by numerous ñustas in a neighboring building, off the court, only to be returned to its original place in the morning. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
According to Juan Diez de Betanzos, the biographer chronicler of Inca Pachacutec – who “… with the string measured and charted the House of the Sun” – were built, at least, two tennis to the bottom of the plot, one behind the another, perhaps smaller for service functions that are not conserved. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Significantly, on the west side of the main field two medium gabled roofed buildings existed, and on the east side, two smaller with the same roof. The carving of the stone in these buildings (or what’s left of them after the construction of the colonial convent, earthquakes and reconstructions) is still very thin that the religious hierarchy to meet. There also received the Wilaq Umo or older priest. At the end of the courtyard the largest room was located, which today only some foundations. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Studies in the place say that this room was a spacious two corridors formed by a central wall that held the ridge. Gable ends or gables were made in adobe like all Inca buildings and roofs were executed with wooden structures and straw cover. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The Garden of Koricancha – Cusco City Tour:
The famous garden inside the Coricancha was “watered by hand by water brought in tow” the acllas, and decorated three times a year with ears of corn and golden fruit that they ñustas placed in times of planting, harvesting or when young warriors became the party Huarachicuy. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The temple to the gods and geographical sacralisation:
As mentioned above in the Temple not only he worshiped the sun, but other minor deities as the moon and Venus. According to the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, the medium premises of the northwest corner of the temple was dedicated to the worship of the moon, and the next was to Venus, the Pleiades and other constellations. Across the courtyard, into two smaller venues, worship Thunder (lllapa) and Rainbow (Cuichu) surrendered. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The Koricancha housed not only the main gods of the Inca pantheon, but had a religious magico projection, of which the purpose was to sanctify the geography of Tahuantinsuyo. Therefore, the center of the main field, inticancha, started ceques, which are virtual lines that connected the temple with the spirits that dwell in the mountains (apus), to whom even the mighty Incas, bowed his head. They were also linked to the summits, you open, springs, rocky ledges, astronomical markers and main points of cusqueño landscape. So far 327 ceques, 21 of which were located in the peripheral wall of the temple or on the fronts of nearby streets are known. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
On the ceques, which could be extended to twenty kilometers, they stood with meticulous accuracy in alignment, many huacas, which also served for contact with the Apus. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
How to reach the Holy Temple of Koricancha – Cusco City Tour?
If you, after learning about the wonders of the Holy Temple of Koricancha, you want to visit, follow our recommendations and enjoy an environment of sacred mysticism. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Access to the temple from the Plaza de Armas through the Callejon de Loreto “Intiqhicllu”, cross the street and leaving Maruri double Pucamarca left, to advance through Pampa del Castillo. There, there were no buildings in Inca times, however, there was a series of terraces leading down to the river and was a farm called Mancochuqui dedicated to Huanacauri, most huaca of the Incas. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The path leads to an elongated square where the church of Santo Domingo is. That space was the Intipampa, square or flat del Sol, before he was about twelve wider than it is now meters, because the builders of the church colonial reduced it to lift his temple. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).Location of the Holy Temple of Koricancha – Cusco City Tour:
- Intersection: Av El Sol and Calle Santo Domingo, Cusco – Peru..
- Tour visits: Monday to Saturday from 8: 00-17: 00 hrs.
Sacsayhuaman fortress (3,600 m.s.n.m) – City Tour Cusco:
Sacsayhuaman is one of the Inca sites that most astonishes tourists, according to new hipóteisis, they said it would have been an important ceremonial center and not a fortress. Anyway, let’s look at the traditional understanding of Sacsayhuaman. It would be a spectacular fortress built with huge carved rocks, together with absolute precision. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Along with Machu Picchu and Choquequirao is undoubtedly one of the greatest architectural works of Tahuantinsuyo. But also it represents the undoubted record the administrative capacity of the empire and its powerful logistics apparatus. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Its Quechua name means “satisfied falcon”. Therefore, it was the falcon that guarded the capital of the empire, because from the hill on which was erected dominates the city. If, as is known, Cusco was designed in the shape of a recumbent puma, Sacsayhuamán would be its head, while the Koricancha would correspond to the feline’s genitalia. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
It is said that the work initiated Pachacutec and Tupac Yupanqui continued, although some chroniclers said it was Huayna Capac who gave the final touch. The Inca Garcilaso de la Vega Huallpa Rimachi that Apu was the main architect, and Maricanhi, Acahuana Inca and Calla Cunchuy, successively took control of the works. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Its construction took more than seven decades and required the force of some 20,000 men, both in the work of the foundation and quarries, transport of materials, carving and stones setting. The quarries could be located in Muina, Huacoto and Rumicolca. 20 kilometers from Cusco, and in nearby places such as Sallu, Rumi, Chita. Curovilca and Viracocha. Its outer walls exceed the 9 meters. high and some of the stone blocks weighing over 350 tons. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Location of Sacsayhuaman – Cusco City Tour:
Sacsayhuaman is an archaeological site located north of the main square of Cuzco, 1 km. the colonial parish of Saint Kitts and 2 kms. Plaza de Armas, about 10 minutes by car. The appearance of today is very different left by the conquerors, as this fort was used as a quarry to build colonial Cusco. Recreated in Sacsayhuaman, every June 24, the ceremony of Inti Raymi, an ancestral celebration in honor of the sun god (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru)..
Description of Sacsayhuaman – Cusco City Tour:
Sacsayhuaman is usually described as a strength, since it is virtually enclosed by three outstanding, and consists of colossal stone blocks united prodigiously, guarding the city. However, the fact that the Incas construyesen a fortress strange, since at the time of its construction they did not face major threats. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Its immense stone walls amazed the Spanish conquistadors newcomers and called “strength”, according to his conception of cities and military constructions of the time. For the particular way of seeing the world of the Incas (or Tours 1 day Machu Picchu – Cusco – Peru).
It was much more. The bastions, towers, houses, temples, warehouses, roads and aqueducts that made this formidable construction demonstrate Inca us. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Its shape and location would have obeyed other principles rather, as the harmony between architecture and landscape. Current research suggests that it would have been a temple dedicated to the worship of the Sun, for which construction was not only important, but also the environment around her. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The architectural complex occupies the edge of the north side of the city. The south side of the building was surrounded by a polished wall almost 400 meters long. The limits of the temple, east and west, were marked by other walls and platforms. The main front of the building faces north and is protected by a formidable system of three platforms. These are supported by zigzagging walls, consisting of large stones, which astonished their first visitors and that continues to astound even now. Garcilaso affirms that these walls were made to demonstrate the Inca might. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The main wall is formed by stones measuring up to 5 meters high and 2.5 meters wide, and can weigh between 90 and 125 metric tons. Move these stones was a true feat, but so was the perfect fit between them and the care put into the curvature of the pads. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
From Sacsayhuaman a spectacular view of the city of Cusco and its surroundings is obtained. In addition, you can overlook summits like those of Ausangate, the Pachatusán and Cinca, places that are believed to be inhabited by apus or powerful spirits that govern the mountains. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Real Casa del Sol – City Tour Cusco:
Sacsayhuaman is one of the great monuments lithic of Inca architecture, and was actually a Real Casa del Sol. They are abundant descriptions of the richness of the interiors, as well as high quality and abundance of stored objects in their bedrooms. This would confirm that it was a temple dedicated to the solar cult or, appropriately called Cieza de Leon, a Royal House of the Sun “(Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru)..
Waldemar Espinoza Soriano, profuse investigator of the Incan society says that Sacsayhuamán is popularly called “fortress”, although, as Cieza de León says, “was a temple dedicated to the Sun”. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Among the chroniclers who described Sacsayhuaman as Real Casa del Sol, we can mention the following:
Garcilaso de la Vega. . Who leaves testimony in his Royal Commentaries, that the Incas knew that this architectural complex was actually a Real Casa del Sol in Chapter VI of the Seventh Book says: “left the fortress an Inca of royal blood as a messenger of the sun. .. left the fortress and not the Temple of the Sun, because they said he was a messenger of war and not peace, that the fort was Casa del Sol “. Pedro Cieza de Leon, Spanish chronicler of the times of the conquest, says in his book The Dominion of the Incas, to the north of the city of Cusco, on a hill, was located the Real Casa del Sol. Martin de Murua, Spanish chronicler also says that Sacsayhuaman “was dedicated at first to Casa del Sol and, at this time, only serves as a witness to his ruin.” “There is no doubt that there is in America no other archaeological structure that causes such an impression to the visitor as Sacsayhuaman. No matter how one is prevented, the show than imagined”. (J. Alden Mason). The doors of Sacsayhuaman – Cusco City Tour:
There were several doors that communicated the different levels through stairs. Garcilaso has left the names of three of them. On the wall of the larger stones Tiu Punco door was (tiu means sand), the second was called Acahuana Puncu and third Huiracocha Puncu (in honor of the god Viracocha). In one of them died Juan Pizarro (brother of the conquistador Francisco Pizarro) with a stone on the head, when the Spanish attacked the Inca Manco rebel forces during the siege of Cusco. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Sacsayhuamán- towers Cusco City Tour:
The main campus consists of three large terraces, whose lands were raided and level. On them several buildings and three big towers rose. Beside this Paucar Marca (beautiful Enclosure) was in the center Sallac Brand (Enclosure with Water) and west Muyu Brand (round Enclosure). The first two were rectangular, and one of them are only slight traces, while the second tower have survived only the foundation. They indicate that it was a rectangular building. This tower ended in a gabled roofs of great inclination. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Brand Muyu Tower – Tower Cahuide – City Tour Cusco:
It was a cylindrical tower, thanks to the information contained in the chronicles and to later excavations, we know that would have been a building of four superimposed bodies. The first body would have had a cylindrical shape. Successive withdrawals have formed circular platforms of wide falling, being 3.6 meters wider. and the narrowest of 3 meters. The tower would have ended in a conical roof. Muyu Marca should reach a total height of 20 meters. It was an impressive work that attracted the admiration of several columnists. The Spaniards destroyed, despite protests both Cieza and the Inca Garcilaso. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Muyu Marca was not only an outstanding building line, but also of great historical value. It was the place where most indigenous resistance against the Spanish conquerors made during the rebellion of Manco Inca. From its highest part Titu jumped CUSÍ Huallpa (also called Cahuide) for not falling into the hands of their enemies. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The terraces – City Tour Cusco:
Currently there is little left of the old buildings built on the terraces of the complex. Among the towers of Muyu Brand and Brand Sallac there was a long square from where there is currently a magnificent view of the city of Cusco. In the highest terrace of the set is a circular pool, which could be a reservoir of water, and a rectangular building with a single door. In the southeast end of the complex can be observed curved platforms and two alignments coicas. In general, throughout the complex there are traces of an excellent water supply system for the occupants as well as a drainage system of rainwater. as it is also called, because of the river of the same name that crosses the area, it was not formed by the fertile lands that later would characterize, but had in place three lakes distributed successively along 30 kms. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
For this reason, it has been determined that the geological formation of Yunkaypata (where it is Sacsayhuaman), has about 80 million years and is of marine origin, it contains fossilized remains of sea urchins and other organisms of that habitat. Erosion and wear environment were responsible for the great masses of limestone of the place. It is here that there is a kind of granitic slide called “Rodadero” whose polished is due to the seismic action of the fault where it is. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Rock types as andesite, found in buildings Sacsayhuaman are not the same place. They were possibly moved from Waqoto and Rumicolca, located more than 38 km. from there. However, as the Peruvian archaeologist Cesar Garcia Rossell says, will always be an enigma to clarify the place or places where they were carried large blocks of stone to the top of the hill, and the technical means or equipment drag, ropes, cordage and hundreds of arms, used in the task. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
How come Sacsayhuaman – Cusco City Tour:
You can reach the archaeological park on foot or by car. If you want to get walking, the bypass routes leading to Sacsayhuaman. For her it comes directly to the control booth entrance of the Archaeological Park. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
1. The walking route to Sacsayhuaman
1.1 For the costs of Admiral Sacsayhuaman: If you step over here continue on the street Córdoba to the small square of Nazarenas; there take the street Nazarenas and then Pumacurco to the end. Another possibility is to advance through the Cuesta del Almirante until the street Casket and follow this street, then Huaynapata continue until the end. This journey takes about thirty minutes. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
1.2.- For Sweden to Sacsayhuaman: Another route pedestrian part of the street Sweden, bending in Huaynapata and following Resbalosa, up to the Beltway. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
1.3.- By Plateros Sacsayhuaman: Walking around here should be followed by Saphi and then take the very steep slope of Bitterness, leading to the Beltway. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
2. The driving route to Sacsayhuaman:
If you prefer to go by car you can take the street Sweden to the Salesian school, turn right and follow Beltway. You can also begin in Silversmiths, to continue Saphi down the street and end up in the Beltway. A taxi to Sacsayhuaman, no tour included, can cost 5 soles. If you prefer you can take buses Puputi street going to the Sacred Valley, the fare is 3.5 soles. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Kenko (3580 m) – CUSCO CITY TOUR:
Although the original name of this sanctuary is not known, the Spanish conquerors decided to name K’enko the Quechua word meaning “labyrinth”, perhaps through the labyrinthine underground galleries or small channels carved on rocks in zigzag. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Spanish monument classified this as an amphitheater, probably because it shows a semicircular construction. In fact, the purpose of this cyclopean construction, which may well be an altar, a court or an Inca tomb, maybe Pachacutec is ignored. It is presumed that was one of the most important shrines that existed in Inca times. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Both are places of worship whose nature has not yet been able to decipher, but which highlights the predilection of the Incas by stone and care they had in their carving. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Location Kenko – City Tour Cusco:
A 4 and 6 kms. (5 min. To the northeast of Cusco) paved road Quenko archaeological sites are located. There are two places: the Great, located at the foot of the road from Sacsayhuaman to Pisac; and Chico, which is 350 meters west of the above, on the now known as the Socorro hill and covers an area exceeding 3,500 square meters. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Kenko Grande – City Tour Cusco:
During the Inca Empire this place was a temple for public ceremonies. This is a huge semicircular area 55 meters long with 19 incomplete niches distributed along the wall. In some publications it states that the niches were arranged around the amphitheater as seats for entities that are worshiped, but according to recent research is very likely to actually have been the foundation of a great wall. Free area in front is a large stone block 6 meters high resting on a solid rectangular pedestal. You may have been a gigantic sculpture must have had zoomorphic modelings. The lack of precision is due to traces of the destruction caused by grubbers idolatrous (people responsible for eliminating own local cult icons) during colonial times. It also has a rocky ledge decorated with a passage leading to a complex of terraces, rooms and a system of drainage channels designed to evacuate water from underground room place. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The carved stone:
Behind that stone on a rocky promontory branch that follows the slope and another that reaches the underground chamber into the rocky terrain rises. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
It may have served to drive the ofrendada chicha or blood sacrifices some ritual flames still unclarified. At the same summit carved remains of what could be a condor, whose head was broken, as well as a puma remain. They can also be noted remains of a room. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
Intihuatana and Astronomical Observatory:
On the rock smoothed and polished stand two cylinders of short height. You have probably been a intihuatana. which translates as “place where the sun is tied”, ie, calculates the position of the sun. It is not known how this contraption worked. It is an enigma to this day. But it is presumed that it was a kind of astronomical observatory used to measure time, to establish the seasons, determine the solstices and equinoxes, and as shrine was worshiped the Sun, the Moon, Venus and the stars. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
It is a Quechua name that means “temple or place that has monkeys”. It is located 500 meters directly east of Quenco Grande. It has a stone carved almost two meters high in some believe see the shape of a frog. In this rock are still visible reliefs of snakes and monkeys that may have given name to the place of worship for secrets and hidden rites. Instead builders completed their composition with service rooms on the perimeter. It also has terraces and canals for draining rainwater. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The zigzagging channel:
It is located very close to the intihuatana. The Cusco historian Victor Angeles describes it as follows: “part of a small hole, moves on incline and broken line, then it branches, one branch leading liquid as circulated to the Subterranean Chamber or Chamber of sacrifices “. The liquid could be the blood of slaughtered beings (animals and / or humans) to the gods. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The burial chamber:
The mystery of the Andean cult is one of the attractions of the Inca culture. On the so-called “Room of Sacrifices”, doubts have not yet been resolved. It is an underground chamber, carved entirely in a gigantic rock. In the lower portion of the large roquedal they are tilled floor, ceiling, walls, tables, cupboards and vain. It is said that this underground chamber could have been used to embalm dried apricots, but it is also possible that there have been carried out human and animal sacrifices. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).
The site Quenco Chico, pretty much destroyed that Quenco Grande sample remains high walls, planning circular and the same careful carved rock. (Or Tours Machu Picchu 1 day – Cusco – Peru).