DESCRIPTION OF THE ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES Machu Pichu – INKA CITY – PERU
Construction area of Machu Pichu:
It covers 90 thousand square meters, comprises both agricultural and urban areas, including roads and surrounding platforms. From the north by reference to the Sacred Rock to the south where the terraces of the superior agricultural sector are in a straight line measuring 530 meters; terraces on the west side of intiwatana to the precincts on the east side in a straight line measuring 200 meters. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Machu Pichu:
It is possible that the total area of Machu Pichu represents a unique intelligent design as it seen from the Waynapicchu resembles a large bird taking a turn in midair (Machu Pichu). In this regard, the Elorrieta brothers claim that the Sacred Valley, formed by the Vilcanota River, was conceived by the Incas as the representation of the Milky Way, and the ancient buildings of this basin have architectural designs that represent constellations. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
In the case of P’isaq, for example, the platforms of the hill Kuntur Orqo form a giant condor flying; and p’isaqa platforms resemble a partridge Ollantaytambo the same way, corresponds to the design giant Tree of Life or Mallki (Machu Pichu), with its two fruits: the city corn and pyramidal temple, in whose shadow lie flame and her calf (Constellation Qatachillay). Referring to Machu Pichu, they said: “The architectural complex of Machu Pichu … represents a great bird, whose characteristics identified as a condor …” (Peru Tours Machu Pichu).
They continue: “The figure of an old and stately bird on a flight to the West (where the Milky Way at night is born and appears) or to the way back to the origins, leading throughout its structure to its main religious symbols, which if a vehicle name directed toward eternity and infinity … “. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Other cities had similar significant Inkas also designs, they laughed disappearing as soon as they were destroyed by the Spaniards; and, over time, you were only being “ruined” incomprehensible ways. But it is important to clarify that the comprehensive architectural work of the Incas always constituted a set of important monuments designed in shapes and figures representing fields of power. A hallmark of the above example, Qosqo, the Inca designed in the shape of a puma, for its capital city constituted a sacred space that reflects its aspiration to be as powerful as this feline symbolic, considered the king of the Andes. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Machu Pichu can still feel the vibration that creates your design condor, because when you visit perceives the feeling of freedom that inspires this bird. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Regarding the architectural designs, Bernabé Cobo, in 1613, states: “It is said that those first men after leaving succession, became those same places, some in piedray other hawks and condors and other birds and animals and temples and Guacas that they worship have different shapes and forms … “(Peru Tours Machu Pichu).
CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL. It is the granite quarries obtained from existing in the same area. For connecting stones frequently used mortar (limonite clay content). (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
RECINTOS. They are the temples, houses, accommodation, warehouses and workshops of handicraft production, which were inhabited by people selected according to the functions they performed. For example, the priest lived near the altar of the Temple of the Sun, guarding the sacred fire; and Amauta (maestro) next to Yachaywasi, (house of knowledge) surrounded by his disciples. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Consider the description of some of Machu Pichu:
Accommodation. K’allanka denominated in Quechua. They are large warehouses with several entrances. generally used to accommodate delegations of visitors, travelers, military or pilgrims, who slept on the floor, on which tended llama or alpaca pelts (by way of mattress), wrapping up with fleece blankets. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Temples. Of various shapes and architectural quality, designed to render permanent the various sacred symbols worship, and to house the most important ‘mummified ancestors, plus statues and ornaments. These enclosures wore adorned with plenty of colorful flowers, polychrome mantles covering the altars on which offerings, mummies and idols are welcomed. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Households. Except for the Casa del Inka, the others are small and usually two floors. They have no internal divisions, and the first enclosure fulfilled the function room, bedroom, living room, kitchen (the latter consisting of the hearth around which were utensils such as pots, pitchers, ladles, plates and large containers for making chicha) ; the second level served as a warehouse. They had little to mueblen. They sat on the floor on pelts of Andean camelids, and slept sometimes accommodated on the floor and others on platforms made of logs, padded leather llama or alpaca. The atmosphere was dark, with few windows; They lit with torches (whose fuel was flame bait). Although it must be understood that homes meet only the function of shelters, usually overnight, out of the rain, prepare and take the foods; since most of his life spent in the field. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Deposits or qolqas. Large enclosures were generally two levels, with large windows that kept ventilated stored products (food, clothing, weapons, tools, gifts, etc). Both the division between floors and internal partitions were thin trunks and bamboos with a layer of clay (Machu Pichu), which over time ended up disintegrating, today there have been only the stone walls. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Workshops. Storehouses were for the production of ceramics, textiles and metallurgy. Also some k’allankas fulfilled this function. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Kanchas. Buildings with a single entrance surrounded by a wall enclosing patios and enclosures. Example, the Temple of the Virgins of the Sun, the Casa del Inka and the area where lies the Sun Temple. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
STRUCTURE OF HOUSING Machu Pichu:
They are one and two-story rectangular and in some cases semicircular. Its buildings are raised simply and beautifully accommodated to the topography of the site; most of them built on terraces. The size of the enclosures, for the most part, are small and suitable to the limitation of space. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Doors and windows. Generally trapezoidal. The windows are small, without frames or covered, since functioned fans. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Doors or entries show different qualities, some double jamb to correspond building combines hierarchy. Lintels are monolithic, although some were only logs. It is not known how the leaves were closing (doors), in some cases on both sides of the inside have a trunk with a cylindrical stone bra, possibly to tie and secure a gate of sticks intertwined; in other cases they have been enchaclados of bamboos. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Ceilings. Most of them were twofold, although there were one and four waters, with steep to prevent seepage of rain. Their structures, wore wooden beams tied with lianas and leather cords flame or vegetable fiber, straw fully covered. In the gable ends cylindrical stones and other small embedded with a hole in the middle (called ears) whose function was to tie the roof structure to prevent a strong wind take him (Machu Pichu). (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Muros. They have inclination ranging from 3 to 7 degrees. The rigs are of various types (Machu Pichu), which are related to the function and hierarchy of the enclosures. Most of the buildings are rustic or single wall, such as platforms, qolqas, k’allankas and housing, etc. The fine finish reflect the high range of buildings, eg. The Sun Temple, the Temple of the Three Windows, the Temple of the Virgins of the Sun Most of the walls have niches or cupboards trapezoid, which they fulfilled the role of shelves for the offerings. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
They have also been found archaeological evidence showing that both the interior and exterior of the simple walls had been plastered (a form of stucco example in Machu Pichu) with a layer of clay and painted colors: red, ocher and yellow . (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
THE STREETS OF MACHU PICHU:
They are narrow, accommodated to the slopes and joined by various bleachers; designed for the movement of people and camelids (Machu Pichu). (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).
Machu Pichu FLOORS:
Streets, squares and courtyards were made of a layer of compacted clay and sand granite so that when it rained not produce mud and allow water to devise drainage channels. The interior floors were also compact sand, clay and lime, the latter to keep warm. (Tours Peru Machu Pichu).