The largest of the Inca Empire Inti Raymi celebration. The Inti Raymi or Festival of the Sun God, was practiced by the Incas ceremony in honor of their god named Sun or Inti (Quechua), this ceremony was the most important of the Inca empire, and that the Sun was the highest deity, this ceremony He performed in the imperial capital of Tawantinsuyo (Cusco) and took place every winter solstice. This party was realized in the fourth quarter of the harvest and the beginning of the vernal equinox of the Andes, ie in the second half of June the Inti Raymi – The festival of the Sun Cusco Peru Tours Machu Picchu.
This ceremony in honor of the sun god, Inti Raymi was celebrated in the main square of Cusco (Huacaypata) at the time of the Incas, was much larger covering the current square and the square rejoicing (was reduced by the Spanish) this majestic square served as the setting for the feast of the sun.
The Inti Raymi at the time of the Incas was the equivalent of what is now for us the feast of new year. Solar celebration was a celebration in which he began a new year and ended all the previous agricultural year between the months of May or June, while the new agricultural cycle was started from July, so that the period since the last week of June and beginning of July was a period of transition from the old to a new agricultural year, then the party was dedicated to this event.
The festival of the Sun or Inti Raymi was instituted in the government of Inca Pachacutec, the Inca was the one who gave more value to their deity because in a decisive battle between the Incas and the Chancas (ethnicity Andahuayllas-side) is God appeared to him in a vision Sol Pachacuteq, and said everything would happen, this was one of the reasons the Inca Pachacuteq gave greater value to the sun deity.
In the days of the Incas, Inti Raymi was the most important of the four festivals held in Cusco, it was an ancient Andean religious ceremony in honor of Inti (Father Sun), which every winter solstice was done in the navel of the world Qosqo (Cusco), specifically in this.
The Incas, Inti Raymi was the most important of the four festivals held in Cusco, as related by the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega (Peruvian writer and historian of Spanish and Inca descent 539-1616), the ceremony showed half of the year as well as the origin of the Inca (Considered son of the sun god), where the entire population of the city, nobles, Curacas the Inca empire attending their finery, it is said about attending as a hundred thousand people, the ceremony was held at the Hucaypata square (Plaza de Armas of Cusco) and lasted 15 days.
The last Inti Raymi with the presence of the Inca emperor was held in 1535.
Festival deeply rooted in the indigenous world, our ancient Inca sages understood that the future of the world, there is a moment when everything begins again and worshiped. This moment is the Inti Raymi. This moment is not chosen at random, in the cycle of day and night, the Camino del Sol marks the longest night (Winter Solstice). That night is expected. are requested and offerings are made to the new cycle can begin, it is heated to the Pachamama or Mother Earth to help and call INTI, the old father who presides everything that lives in the air, water and earth. The new year, the new solar cycle is received in the best possible way, dancing, food and drink, bands, musicians and dialogue, accompanied waiting this long night. The most respected elders instruct others about their origin, their community and their commitment to life forms and its direct relationship with nature.
When the fires give way to INTI, the Sun, all turn to him and receive its rays with arms outstretched, others serve dishes prepared with CHUÑO, PAPA-LISA, quinoa, etc. On the other hand IMILLAS (girls), between laughter and laughter, they invite with traditional CHICHA, they themselves prepared for the occasion. Everything is party, sheer joy, singing and dancing is waiting for the warmth of a new day, a new cycle. When the first rays of sunshine appear on the horizon, bodies tremble with excitement, raise their hands as a thank offering, other waiting cosmic energies of strength and vitality. Likewise with offerings and sacrifices WIRACOCHA (Creator of the Universe), with chayas to Pachamama and from the heart, memory and mouth, we hear these stories to today ….
Andean peoples of the Inca, always believe in the divine power of the sun. Our TATA INTI (Father Sun), is the creator of life on earth, is also the creator of the benefits of the Pachamama.
Our ancestors, in their world, understand the intimate relationship: Pachamama, MAN AND SUN, hence the great celebrations of thanks, appreciation, promise and offering to TATA INTI, this event being held annually in the month of June, which we call Inti Raymi (Festival of the Sun) “. (Story taken from Raices Argentinas).
Today we know the celebration with his Quechua name of Inti Raymi, it is a common festival many prehistoric peoples of the Andes, and surely long precedes the formation of the Inca Empire. The Inti Raymi still is celebrated like syncretic rite in many Andean communities. In the inter-Andean corridor of northern Ecuador, for example, the set of related festivals includes all the month of June and part of July, having each city its own rites and customs, and becoming paralyzed daily life as a result of the celebrations, which They take the streets night and day.
This year 20 and June 21 in the province of Jujuy, more than 1,500 members of the indigenous peoples of the countries of Bolivia, Guatemala, Ecuador, Colombia, Paraguay and Argentina, along with their authorities, celebrate 5521 years of willkakuti (new Andean year Amazon). The festivities will be held at the replica of the Temple of Kalasasaya the Tupac Amaru organization built in the town of Alto jujeña feeder. This is the Inti Raymi (Festival of the Sun) which on occasion will be led by Mama Quilla, spiritual amauta of El Alto in Bolivia.