Free Tours Information Ollantaytambo Cusco

FREE TOURS INFORMATION OLLANTAYTAMBO VIVA CITY – CUSCO – MACHU PICCHU – PERU

A splendid paved road led to the door of the town of Ollantaytambo, which was for a seat Manco Inca Empire and the capital of the time, while the Cusco was invaded by the Spaniards; and today is one of the wonders of architecture that Incas made in this part of the Andes. Still it is working so far with few modifications; so it is considered “the oldest inhabited city in America.” (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Free tours information Ollantaytambo stood at Great Qhapaq Ñan or road, on the road coming from Cusco, to the Antisuyu or jungle. Hence his name also alludes to “tampu” or dairy farm; a place on the road where travelers rest, feed and supply, because for that dairy farms were stocked with all kinds of aid stations and services. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

This location was strategic for the economic organization of the Inca Empire, then, it was not only a must control between the various ecological zones colder as Chinchero and hotter as Vilcabamba and Machu Picchu; but it was also intended for administration of one of the most important sectors of agricultural production Urubamba Valley. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

There the Incas had specialized in this ecological niche for growing a variety of corn whose fame to this day: the big “cusqueño corn” and sweet with that in the Andean world fed, chicha for religious ceremonies was done and allowed sustain labor for major engineering works that have left us. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

It was also the administrative center of the region, since there were public buildings and large residential areas. But, more importantly, was that Ollantaytambo was building one of the most solemn religious shrines and majesty, whose temple dedicated to the “Inti” or Sun God, he stands out for its beauty, technology and art. These lands were the actual properties of Inca Pachacutec and where they have lived their “real panaca”. Therefore, the wealth, beauty and magnificence of the buildings that command to perform. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

In its magnificent planning and design, the Inca engineers established three sectors: El Pueblo Ollantaytambo, Araqhama sector and the Temple, also known as Fortaleza. Each with different handling of space, topography and landscape, as well as different architectural character; for the functions that were developed there, but one way of planning, showing the unity of thought and aesthetic values, and mainly expresses the prestige of their culture and glitz of the Inca Empire. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Essentially every space reflected his worldview and valuation that gave the natural and the supernatural, to life and to the gods. Thus while the town was laid out in the meekness of the plain, the temple was built perched on top of the hill “Bandolista” as wanting to enter the “Hanan Pacha” or abode of the heavenly gods, for each kissed morning and blessed by the Inti, the biggest of them all. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Ollantaytambo village opened the door “T’iyupunku” rigorously controlled. To make way for the traveler, he entered a walled path was decorated by 100 niches that way windows stretched along the route to the square. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Then inhabited by about 1,000 people, the people amazes us by his order and planning. Your Rights and oriented north-south streets intersect at right angles almost exactly. There are 7 4 longitudinal cross streets and streets with names like Khintc street, Huma street, Pfuyu street, CCoE street, Rosas street, street Pata, Chaupi Laris street and street; that evoke ancient times, although it is not known if they were the same as the Incas used. Among all 21 apples they were. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Each block was completely enclosed by a wall built of large stones set against each other admirably, as cells; and with minimal change in their natural form, they achieved maximum accommodation including getting natural and organic effects in their final rigging. Every street is wonderful. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

In the Andean village silence echoes the song of the water channel running through the streets patient, to enter each of the two “kanchas” forming an apple. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

The “Kancha” is the model of the Inca housing. It is a quadrilateral formed by four individual buildings that enclose a central courtyard, leaving their corners 4 pens intended for smaller courtyards and kitchens. A large door, double jamb to give senior, is their only income. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

From your patio you can be seen the accuracy and mastery of stone construction. The four buildings have doors trapezoidal, surmounted by a stone lintel serving. The ceilings are wide and Knuckle gabled, with a steep slope up to 60 degrees, to ensure runoff from rain and snow. In the gables there are always windows that give light and ventilation to turn the house; and they are embroidered on the outside by large pegs of hewn stone, where the roof was fastened to prevent fly and fall. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

The buildings have one or two floors, with the wider to hold the second floor decking footwall. Its interiors are all elaborately carved in stone and hold rows of niches also trapezoid. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

All this wisdom and refined taste in design; the comfort of the spaces and the efficient management of the construction techniques, the structural balance and materials; I was ready for the life of the nobles of the royal panaca and its yanakunas, servants in charge of service and culture of the sacred fields. They gathered there for big celebrations, to eat, drink and dance. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

When you walk through the village of Ollantaytambo, still, to this day the smell of wood stoves, the corn freshly boiled corn, fresh salad dressings, fermented chicha strong escape; and do not miss the rumble of a drum accompanied by a pututo and bugles, crashing on the hill Pinkuylluna announcing their presence. Surely life in the time of the Incas would seem in many things today. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Patakancha passing the river is the set of ‘Araqhama, very different people. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

A child invites Want to hear the voice of the stones? By the stones speak! hitting with a stone to another higher. The ability to understand the stones is a virtue in Ollantaytambo, as a souvenir engraved in the genes of the ancient experiences of the Incas. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Indeed to work the stones have to understand their nature, composition and behavior towards other materials. They know only hear the sound, where the stones will open when hit. They know how to reveal its mysteries. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Different techniques edged boards, carving and polishing stone are wonder of the work that the Incas made in Ollantaytambo, and that ‘Araqhama are present in different pieces that reveal the stages of development. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

The rocks were selected for their qualities of color, composition and hardness, to create with them particular aesthetic effects, or structural and durability reasons. Many were brought from different distant places. Eg. Of quarries Kachiqhata, located 5 km across the river, brought dragging without rollers, large blocks of pink rhyolite, diverting the waters of the Urubamba River and then raising them by a ramp 350 meters long, to build them one of the walls of the temple of the sun. Other stones were carved in the same natural grain, creating enigmatic forms, such as niches known as “seats” of unquestionable sacred meaning. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

The results of the work incaico were always difficult to explain, especially in a society that ignored the use of iron for tools. Bordering fantasy, someone said, that the Incas had plants that melted and kneaded with stones. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

In Ollantaytambo are the real tools. To split a rock, the Incas used the thermal fracture or recognized seams where shimming. To carve the stones, hammers more hard and heavy as basalt or granite rocks were made. For cutting hard rocks like pure quartzite, appropriate to wear by rubbing two stones, to achieve the result were used. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

But none of this could have been achieved without an organized and intensive work, led by experts, that the imperial system of the Incas established. In ‘Araqhama can notice this. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

There suggests space planning activities dedicated to the state and the civil service. The buildings are arranged in matched pairs, fundamental feature of the Incas and reflected his conception of the “duality” of the Andean world. Probably to accommodate two authorities. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Here the buildings are large, reaching 5.5 meters high and closing up to 60 square meters area, and have multiple doors. They also are made differently than others, with carved stone foundation reaches 1.5 m. on the ground and rest of the wall was built in rammed earth or adobe mud very well selected. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

With distinction, these pairs of buildings closed the large square of Manyaraki. Thus arranged to correspond in shape and location “kallankas”. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

The “kallanca” is a large building dedicated to a mix of public and religious functions. They were used for celebrations and functioned as “chicha” or service work Inca and the sun. Along with the square, completed these functions. Throughout the set of ‘Araqhama, buildings are not the shape of the “kanchas” dedicated to housing. Instead another feature characterizes this sector: the provision of channels and sources. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

In an agricultural society as the empire of the Incas, water and rituals to it, they were of great importance. The water was brought by a network of aqueducts of up to 10 km away, and upon arrival were led by murmullantes any channels and pipes elaborately carved in stone and were filling their path different sources that reflect the moon and stars, like windows to enter the celestial world. The most important of these are the Water Temple and Bathing Ñusta. If in Rome they imported sources for health and imperial decorum; in Ollantaytambo, for the Incas they had a profound religious sense. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Faced with this set of buildings and fountains, the stony image of the Temple of Inti rises, also called “Fortress”. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

To understand the significance of the Temple, you must experience in their promotion prospects change; like architecture adapts to the topography, and as spin and feel consistent with the solemnity imposed by this sacred space are achieved. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

The entrance to the temple located in the central sector consists of the tremendous andenería of Pumatallis, which stands for giants as are the assembly hall. Among them there is another staircase made to the scale of hundreds of men all carved in stone bleachers. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

As you ascend, the perspective of the surrounding space rises, appearing more defined Square ‘Araqhama and its sources as mirrors, then the village of Ollantaytambo and finally the Pinkuylluna hill with its “Imperial Deposits”, all the “Sacred Valley Incas “and the Urubamba river. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Near the top the sacred of sacred architecture components catching hand they appear. The magnificent door of the enclosure of the 10 niches carved seat, splendidly carved walls and diversity of ceremonial and burial sites; as part of the Sanctuary of “Inkawatana”. Much of this architecture was in the process of construction. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

The stone work reveals a high mastery of the technique of carving, polishing, setting and adjustment needs of each of the blocks of stone; and stylistically there are no other similar works. Polish finishes reach the highest degree of refinement, according to the importance of worship. Its distinctive orthogonal shapes and simple lines, trapezoidal shapes style; They reflect the grandeur of the empire. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

But only to see the front, the golden surface by the Sun God, what is known as the “Wall of the Six Monoliths” can perceive the splendor of the temple dedicated to his name. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

the greatest techniques and knowledge used to build it. Each stone block “rhyolite” of gorgeous pink, was cut in the quarries of Kachiqhata, 5 km. Away, and brought dragged across the Urubamba River, and moving it up to the top via a ramp. Some 2,800 men joined forces to move these blocks weighing about 140 tons each; and address should be the responsibility of the best engineers of the time, to achieve repeatedly polish and present some blocks beside the other, until their edges match perfectly, and achieve calzarlas. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Although this magnificent work was not completed, it reflects the religious spirit that the Incas of Ollantaytambo were in the cult of Inti, and the privileged relationship established with all nature, also recognizing a sacred character. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Here the Incas were with their gods. Here every morning greeted the sun’s rays, and through the Puerta del Intipunku were blessed by the holy image of his “Apu” Veronica, the God of the Mountain. (Free Tours Machu Picchu 1 day)

Free Tours Information Ollantaytambo Cusco
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