Cusco Navel of the World – Peru Machu Picchu tours: While most cities have a humble origin, villages close to water sources and on the trade routes of the villages, there are some who live a long and important life, becoming privileged stage of history and history of Peru same for trips to know the customs – Peru.
Cusco is one of such cities. Emerging in a sacred valley that has traces of settlement from a thousand years before Christ, a city that becomes such when it became the capital of the mighty empire of the Incas. That Inca Cusco, sacred temples and palaces that mimicked the shape of a puma city – Peru.
To conquer the Inca empire, the Spaniards took the city and a symbol of their dominance raise their houses on the walls of ancient palaces and temples erected desecrating the Inca temples – Peru.
This is how the Cusco we know today, singular city as few as retains traces of its Inca trace and combines two superb architectures: Inca and Spanish. The Coricancha, ancient Temple of the Sun on the Dominicans built their church partly respecting the original building is an example of this violent clash of cultures and architectures that is repeated in other parts of the city and that makes it unique on the continent American – Peru.
Describing the location of the town, José María Arguedas wrote: “The Cusco region is the emerging of a sacred valley in a high hoyada. Hoyada topography is difficult: hills, shoals, small hills and slopes – Peru. The city occupies the bottom of one of these mountains, the great Inca fortress Sacsayhuaman, the head of the valley, in a sheltered but key field. From Cusco are the farthest visible mountains bordering the horizon: the Sencca, the Pachatusan, the Huanacaure, the Picol. And climbing the highest Cusco giant snow and lonely trek Ausangate and Salkantay trek, presiding whole sea of summits topping dark in the Andes in the region can be seen machu. “Master Plan for the Historic Center of Cusco in Peru.
Cusco current Historical Capital of Peru, is also capital of the district, province and department of the same name. It is located to the southeast of Peru, in the central Andes machu, between 12º71’11 “south latitude and 72º00’49” west longitude from Greenwich, at an altitude averaging 3399msnm. The Historical Center is located in the area 19 between 177.534 abscissa east and north of the UTM 8’503,762 orderly system – Peru.
The Historical Center and physical-environmental reality is located in the northwestern part of the Valley of Cusco. It covers an area of 245.63 hectares and a perimeter of 11460.81 m Peru. The urban area contains 153 apples, which represent 80% of land use machu; that is, the public space of streets and squares corresponds only 20% of the area. Its population is estimated at 15,000 inhabitants distributed in the central and traditional neighborhoods of San Blas (Tococachi), Santa Ana (Carmenqa) and St. Kitts (Qolqanpata). The average population density in the historic area is approximately 68.69 hab / ha – Peru.
Cusco and the mythical ANTISUYO – Peru Machu Picchu tours:
Strong military campaigns or wise alliances allowed the Incas to seize the vast territories of three of the four that made up his empire: Collasuyo Contisuyo and Chinchaysuyo. About Antisuyo, however, the jungle region that stretched east and northeast of Cusco, the Inca rule was never clear. Moreover, one could almost say they were the inhabitants of these tangled forests who conquered the imagination of the Incas – Peru.
In ancient Peru, the Amazonian plains were not themselves the scene of the relationship between mountain and jungle, but the eyebrow mountain and the mountain machu; that is, that strip of the eastern slopes of the Andes that is between 3000 and 500 meters and is covered with lush vegetation and impenetrable (the so-called wet forest) that prefigures the jungle- Peru. If we add an extremely hilly, with steep cuts the mountains and rivers that descend steeply by deep canyons, just have a complete picture of the invisible border separating these two worlds at once so near and distant: the mountains and jungle with Peru Machu Picchu tours.
A one to the other is tied the development of the Andean civilizations, perhaps even to a greater extent to the jungle region, especially with respect to the domestication of plants and pottery making. The exchanges between the two regions, in any case, are almost as old as man’s presence in the Andes – Peru.
The Incas not only maintained the exchange with the antis or redskins, which is what they called the people of the Amazon forests, but in his expansionist zeal tried to penetrate their habitat and impose serfdom and taxes, as they had done with other villages Over the mountains and the coast – Peru. It’s probably from the collision with the infinite dangers of such a rugged environment in the imaginary Inca begins to take shape the figure of the jungle as a world inhabited by monsters and chunchos beings as savages who eat human flesh, even of their own women in Cusco navel of the world – Peru.
This passage that the chronicler Anello Oliva dedicated to the feats of the Inca Mayta Capac in Antisuyo is instructive in this regard. The Inca, in fact engages in battle with a snake “fierce and terrible, as large as the largest animal on earth, with wings bat the way, short arms and very thick with large nails, tainted blood and fire eyes, body covered with scales harsh ” – Peru. Mayta Capac, after trying unsuccessfully to take refuge in the dense forest gives the face the dragon and manages to deal him a mortal wound in the chest and burst his eye, after which the beast “breathing fire fell dead noses, eyes and mouths” . Singular feat earned him the nickname warrior Amaru, which is like the Incas called the giant anacondas with which they encountered in the Amazon Peru.
The truth, however, is that counter to these representations of the forest as a dark and oppressive world, where reigns the unbearable heat, humidity and permanent rains and where next to a monstrous wildlife proliferate diseases against which the people of the mountains are totally defenseless, the Antisuyo was also, for the Incas, the mysterious birthplace of coca, a plant that they considered sacred and privileged universe to shamanism and the supernatural, the magical rituals performed taking and curative machu. Moreover, Antis also supplied the imperial armies substantial part of their weaponry, such as arrowheads and spears, carved hardwoods only found in the Amazon forests – Peru. As if this were not enough, true to his fami of fierceness, the anti warriors came to be in the last years of the empire what you might call the personal guard of the Inca. This is what has the Indian chronicler Guaman Poma, who says that captains redskins, mojos, girls and chubies, ethnicities all the Antisuyo, accompanied Huayna Capac in their conquest of Quito and “served to eat the rebels.” According to the chronicler, the anti warriors would have eaten even “many lords” – Peru.
Of the two front doors has the Cusco jungle, in a northeasterly direction, Paucartambo, which is at the head of the rivers that form the Mother of God, and in the north, the canyon of the Urubamba, the Inca initially chose the first. This route is actually shorter tours between Cusco and the Peruvian Amazon machu. Moreover, what is very important, mountains of Piñi-Piñi Shade Kosriipata and Pillcopata rivers and jungle Mother of God, are those that make up the territory that extends the area of the city that bore the name of Antisuyo – Peru.
Winning new coca was surely one of the reasons that prompted the Incas to break through the second route leading from Cusco to the Amazon Peru, the wild valleys of the Urubamba and Apurimac rivers, which run parallel gunpoint between towering mountains and whose cut peak slopes are covered with dense vegetation. Reasons of military strategy also difficult to justify this raid, because the Incas needed new ways to attack their powerful neighbors, the Chancas. As it may, several chroniclers who said it was the Pachacutec Inca who arrived in their conquests to Vitcos, Vilcabamba and Pampaconas, places that are in the vicinity of the Vilcabamba River on the Inca Trail, the same that flows into the Urubamba further down Machu Picchu tours – Peru.
If in the presence Inca Paucartambo left as testimony very clear that continued to produce coca fields after the Spanish conquest in the valleys of the Urubamba and Apurimac are numerous architectural ensembles, with Machu Picchu and Choquequirao as the highest achievements, which have remained as traces of the activities of the Incas. They are admirable, also the roads on mountain ridges built Pachacutec, Tupac Yupanqui and Huayna Capac to link the valleys of Vilcabamba, Amaybamba, Ocobamba, Yanatile and Paucartambo with those formed by the tributaries of the Madre de Dios – Peru. With these Inca roads “trekking Machu Picchu, Inca Trail to machupicchu, Inca jungle trekking to machupicchu, choquequirao trek, trekking dollars, qosqo huchuy to machupicchu, Vilcabamba to machupicchu, ausangate to machupicchu”, an incredible feat of engineering, the Incas managed to communicate the two entries that had to Amazon Cusco : the east and north by the navel of the world Cusco – Peru Machu Picchu tours.